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    您现在的位置:31省市学位英语网>>江西>>备考经验
2014年江西学位英语阅读理解训练五
2014-05-16 12:58     来源:31省市学位英语网  [ ]

Directions: There are three passages in this part.  Each pas sage is followed by some questions or unfinished statements. For each of them there are four choices marked A, B, C and D. You should decide on the best choice and mark the corresponding letter on the Answer Sheet with a single line through the center.

Passage 1
   (76) Heredity(遗传) is not the only thing that influences our color. Where we live and how we live after we are born are important too. For instance, our genes influence how fat or thin we are. But our weight depends mainly upon how much we eat and how much exercise we get. In the same way, our skin color depends to a large extent upon how much sunshine we get.
   When summer arrives and light—colored people go to the beaches, some will tan darkly, some will tan lightly and few will not tan at all. Each one has inherited a different ability to tan, but the differences do not appear until the conditions are right. An outdoor man will soon become pale if he changes to an indoor job, while a desk clerk will take on tan after a short vacation in the sun.
   Sometimes people decide that being tanned is better than being pale. Sometimes they decide the opposite.
   Centuries ago, most of the people in Europe were peasants and they had to work in the fields all day. Noblemen, on the other hand, did not have to work. They stayed indoors and remained pale. You could always tell a nobleman from a peasant because a peasant had a tan. As a result, a shin so pale that the veins (血管) showed was considered a mark of great beauty.
   During the Industrial Revolution things changed. Farmers left their fields and went to work in factories, mines and mills. Working for long hours in dimly—lit factories and mines made their skins pale. (77) Wealthy people, however, could afford to travel so sunny countries. They had the leisure to lie around on the beaches and get tan. Having a tan became a sign of wealth.
   In Western Europe and North America pale skin is no longer desirable. Instead of bleaching themselves white with lemon juice, many women spend their time under a sun—lamp. The desire for a quick tan has led to the invention of pills and lotions (涂剂) that darken the skin artificially without exposure to sunlight. These pills and lotions can be bought by anyone at any drugstore. A rich man can spend hundreds of dollars on a vacation in the sunny West Indies and get his suntan there. But his lowest—paid clerk can have what looks like the same tan out of a bottle for a few cents.

 
1. 
When summer comes and the light—colored people go to the beaches, ______.

 
A all of them will tan darkly
B few of them will tan darkly
C many of them will not tan at all
D some of them will not tan at all
该题您未回答:х    该问题分值: 1
答案:D
 
本题考查的也是考生对细节的把握,答案对应文章第二段首句。
2. 
Besides genes, our skin color has much to do with ______.

 
A exercise
B weight
C food
D sunshine
该题您未回答:х    该问题分值: 1
答案:D
 
本题考查的是考生对细节的把握,答案对应文章第一段,其中第一句是说:遗传不是唯一影响我们肤色的因素。第一段最后一句又说“我们皮肤的颜色在很大程度上在于我们受到阳光照射的强度。”
3. 
Pills and lotions have been invented in Western Europe and North America ______.

 
A to protect people from sunburn
B to make people look wealthy
C to smooth people's skin
D to help people to have a quick tan
该题您未回答:х    该问题分值: 1
答案:D
 
本题考查的也是考生对细节的把握,答案对应文章第六段中第三句"The desire for a quick tan has led to the invention of pills and lotions that darken the skin artificially without exposure to sunlight.”
4. 
During the Industrial Revolution people began to like to have a tan because it was a sign of ______.

 
A good health
B great strength
C wealth
D youth
该题您未回答:х    该问题分值: 1
答案:C
 
本题考查的也是考生对细节的把握,答案对应文章第五段最后一句"Having a tan became a sign of wealth.”
5. 
Centuries ago in Europe, it was considered of great beauty to have ______.

 
A pale skin
B light—colored skin
C dark—colored skin
D a suntan
该题您未回答:х    该问题分值: 1
答案:A
 
本题考查的也是考生对细节的把握,答案对应文章第四段最后一句。几百年前欧洲人以皮肤苍白为美。
Passage 2
   (78) Let children learn to judge their own work. A child learning to talk does not learn by being corrected all the time. if corrected too much, he will stop talking. He notices a thousand times a day the difference between the language he uses and the language those around him use. Bit by bit, he makes the necessary changes to make his language like other peoples. In the same way, children learning to do all the other things they learn to do without being taught—to walk, run, climb, whistle, ride a bicycle—compare their own performances with those of more skilled people, and slowly make the needed changes. But in school we never give a child a chance to find out his mistakes and correct them for himself. We do it all for him. We act as if we thought that he would never notice a mistake unless it was pointed out to him, or correct it unless he was made to. Let him work out, with the help of other Children if he wants it, what his word says, what the answer is to that problem, whether this is a good way of saying or doing this or not.
   If it is a matter of right answers, as it may be in mathematics or science, give him the answer book. Let him correct his own papers. Why should we teachers waste time on such routine work? Our job should be to help the child when he tells that he can't find the way to get the right answer. Let the children learn what all educated per- sons must some day learn, how to measure their own understanding, how to know what they know or do not know.

 
6. 
According to the passage, learning to speak and learning to ride a bicycle are ______.

 
A different from learning other skills
B the same as learning other skills
C more important than other skills
D not really important skills
该题您未回答:х    该问题分值: 1
答案:B
 
本题考查的也是考生对细节的把握,答案对应文章第一段第四行。
7. 
According to the passage, which of the following is the best way for children to learn things?

 
A Listening to skilled people's advice.
B Asking older people many questions.
C Making mistakes and having them corrected.
D Doing what other people do.
该题您未回答:х    该问题分值: 1
答案:D
 
本题考查的是考生对细节的把握,答案对应文章第一段,其中列举了大量事实讲述要给孩子留有空间,让他们自己在学习中成长,而并非总是来指导他们什么是正确什么不是正确。与 D项更好相符。
8. 
The title of this passage could probably be ______.

 
A Let Us Teachers Stop Work
B Let Us Make Children Learn
C Let Children Correct Their Exercises
D Let Children Learn By Themselves
该题您未回答:х    该问题分值: 1
答案:D
 
本题考查的是考生对全篇文章的理解,第一段和第二段都是讲要让孩子自己去学会技能,而不必总是老师来教一切。
9. 
According to the writer, teachers in school should ______.

 
A allow children to learn from each other
B point out children's mistakes whenever found
C correct children's mistakes as soon as possible
D give children more book knowledge
该题您未回答:х    该问题分值: 1
答案:A
 
本题考查的也是考生对细节的把握,答案对应文章第一段的内容。按照作者的意思,老师要允许孩子们彼此学习。
10. 
The writer think teachers should NOT ______.

 
A give children correct answers
B allow children to make mistakes
C point out children's mistakes to them
D let children mark their own work
该题您未回答:х    该问题分值: 1
答案:C
 
本题考查的也是考生对细节的把握,答案对应文章第一段后两句,根据其内容我们可以知道作者认为教师不能老是给学生指出错误,应该让学生自己发现错误,自己改正。
Passage 3
   (79) There is an English saying: "Laughter is best medicine," Until recently, few people took the saying seriously. Now, however, doctors have begun to look into laughter and the effects it has on the human body. They have found that laughter really can improve people's health.
   Tests were carried out to study the effects of laughter on the body. People watched funny films while doctors checked their heart, blood pressure, breathing and muscles. It was found that laughter has similar effects to physical exercise. It increases blood pressure, the heart heating and breathing; it also works several groups of muscles in the face, the stomach, and even the feet. If laughter exercises the body, it must be beneficial.
   (80) Other tests have shown that laughter appears to be able to reduce the effect of pain on the body. In one experiment doctors produced pain in groups of students who listened to different radio pro- grams. The group that tolerated the pain for the longest time was the groups which listened to a funny program. The reason why laughter can reduce pain seems to be that it helps to produce a kind of chemicals in the brain which diminish both stress and pain.
   As a result of these discoveries, some doctors in the United States now hold laughter clinics, in which they help to improve their patients' condition by encouraging them to laugh. They have found that even if their patients do not really feel like laughing, making them smile is enough to produce beneficial effects similar to those caused by laughter.

 
11. 
The passage mainly discussed that ______.

 
A laughter ard physical exercise have similar effects on the human body
B smile can produce the same effects as laughter
C pain can be reduced by laughter
D laughter is the best medicine
该题您未回答:х    该问题分值: 1
答案:D
 
本题考查的是考生对全文主旨的把握,文章的首句就是全文的中心思想,全篇就围绕这一主题展开。讲“笑”怎样就是一剂良药。
12. 
The students who ______ tolerated the pain for the longest time.

 
A listened to different radio programs
B could produce a kind of chemical
C don't have stress or pain
D listened to a funny program
该题您未回答:х    该问题分值: 1
答案:D
 
本题考查的是考生对细节的把握,答案对应文章第三段第二行。
13. 
Doctors have proved the following EXCEPT that ______.

 
A smiling does good to health
B laughter can be tolerated
C there is a way to reduce pain
D laughter can work the muscles in the feet
该题您未回答:х    该问题分值: 1
答案:B
 
本题考查的是考生对细节的把握,答案对应文章第二段,笑的作用在本段都有描述,但没有提到B项。
14. 
The word "diminish" in Line 14 means ______.

 
A test
B stop
C reduce
D increase
该题您未回答:х    该问题分值: 1
答案:C
 
本题考查的是考生对文中具体词义的把握,前面句中描述减轻痛苦用了reduce,这里依然表示“减轻压力和痛苦”,因此diminish应和reduce同义。
15. 
Doctors hold laughter clinics ______.

 
A to give better condition to their patients
B in order to improve patients' health
C to make patients smile
D to prove smile and laughter have the same effect
该题您未回答:х    该问题分值: 1
答案:B
 
本题考查的是考生对细节的把握,答案对应文章最后一段,根据调查“笑”对人恢复健康有帮助,所以医生在这样的诊所中,通过鼓励病人笑来改善病人的状况。
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