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    您现在的位置:31省市学位英语网>>江西>>备考经验
2014年江西学位英语阅读理解训练四
2014-05-16 13:00     来源:31省市学位英语网  [ ]

 Directions: There are three passages in this part. Each passage is followed by some questions or unfinished statements. For each of them there are four choices marked A, B, C and D. You should decide on the best choice and mark the corresponding letter on the Answer Sheet with a single line through the center.

Passage 1

Today the game reserves(猎物保护区)of East Africa are facing a number of threats. (76)Although they earn considerable revenue(收入) by attracting tourists, they take up land which is increasingly sought by the local people. While these reserves feed and protect animals, they are in danger of turning into barren areas or deserts. Trees, shrubs and grass are gradually being eaten by grazing herds.
   Another problem is to be found in the changing attitudes of the animals themselves. Many of them are losing their hereditary(
天生)fear of man. In this way they may become a danger to visitors and thus to themselves. Attacks on vehicles are beginning to increase, and it is possible that the problems will become serious in a few years' time.
   The problem of shortage of land is not a simple one. (77) As the population increases, more and more people look hungrily at the land set aside for game reserves. They claim that a Government's first duty is to its inhabitants and not to tourists or to wild animals. Despite the income obtained from tourism, this is an argument which it is difficult to answer satisfactorily.

1. 

The best title of this passage is ______.

A problems Facing East African Tourists

B african Wild Animals Becoming More Dangerous

C the Increasing Popularity of Game Reserves

D some Problems of East African Game Reserves

 

答案:D

[分析] 本文主要讲非洲东部猎物保护区的几个问题,故选项D最合适。

2. 

Why may local people look hungrily at the game reserves?

A They may wish to visit them frequently.

B They may seek land for their own cultivation (耕种).

C The animals may be a danger to them and their village.

D They may dislike living in a deserted plac

 

答案:B

[分析] 第三段谈到,由于“shortage of land”“the population increases”,因此“people look hungrily at the land set aside for game reserves”,故本题选B

3. 

______ is causing soil erosion(侵蚀)in the game reserves.

A The bad weather

B The disappearance of vegetation which is eaten by the animals

C The violent storms

D The animals

 

答案:B

[分析] 根据第一段最后二句,本题应选B

4. 

As far as we can tell from the passage, why does the Government bother to maintain game reserves?

A To prevent the people from using the land.

B To reserve the land for building development.

C To obtain income from tourism.

D To stop tourists from making a nuisance(令人讨厌)of themselves.

 

答案:C

[分析] 当地政府保留猎物保护区的主要原因是,“they earn considerable revenue by attracting tourists”,故本题选C

5. 

The word "this" refers to ______ in the last sentence of the passage.

A the income obtained from tourists who park their cars in the town

B the revenue derived from tourists who visit the game reserves

C the problem concerning game reserves in East Africa

D the claim put forward concerning the duty of the Government

 

答案:D

[分析] 显然,本句“this”指的是“a Government's first duty is to...”,故本题选D

Passage 2

(78)Professor Martin's report says that children who attend a number of different schools, because their parents have to move around the country, probably make slow progress in their studies. There are also signs, says Professor Martin, that an unusually large number of such children are mentally (精神上) affected.
   The professor says, "It's true. My personal feeling is that children should stay in one school. However, our findings are based on research and not on any personal feelings that I or my assistants may have on the subject."
   Captain Thomas James, an Army lecturer for the past 20 years and himself a father of two, said, "I've never heard such rubbish. Taking me for example, no harm is done to the education of my children who change schools regularly---if they keep to the same system(
系统) ,as in our Army schools. In my experience Army children--and I've known quite a few of them--are as well - adjusted(善于适应的)as any others, if not more so. What the Professor doesn't appear to appreciate is the fact that in such situations children will adapt(适应)much better than grown - ups."
   When this was put to Professor Martin, he said that at no time had his team suggested that all such children were backward or mentally affected in some way, but simply that in their experience there was a clear tendency (
趋向).
   "Our findings show that while the very bright child can deal with regular changes without harming his or her general progress in studies, the majority of children suffer from constantly having to enter a new learning situation.\

6. 

According to Professor Martin's report, ______.

A children have to go to different schools because of their parents' moving around

B children make slow progress because they are mentally affected

C signs are shown that many children are mentally affected by their studies

D changing from one school to another too often has ill effect on children's studies

 

答案:D

[分析] 第一段中讲到马丁教授的报告中说孩子们经常换学校会使孩子在学业上进步缓慢。

7. 

Which of the following is true according to what the professor says?

A He doesn't quite agree with the report.

B The conclusion is reasonable without any personal feelings.

C His feelings has some effect on the research.

D His assistants may have effect on his feelin

 

答案:B

[分析] 从个人情感上讲马丁教授认为孩子们应该呆在一所学校中,这正与他在第一段中的报告结果相符,而他们报告的内容是基于调查研究而并非基于个人情感。

8. 

From the passage, we know that Captain James' children ______.

A enjoy changing schools instead of staying in one school

B adapt much better than grown- ups

C discuss the same system regularly with their father

D can get used to the Army school education

 

答案:D

[分析] Captain James不同意马丁教授的观点,他认为他的孩子就不受换学校的影响。

9. 

In this passage, the view of Captain James is that ______.

A children are generally well- adjusted

B quite a few children don't keep to the system

C all children are mentally affected in some way

D children can adapt more easily than grown- ups

 

答案:D

[分析] 由第三段最后一句可知,Captain James认为孩子们比成人更易适应环境。

10. 

What is the idea that Professor Martin sticks to?

A Very bright children have rich experience in changing schools

B Changing schools regularly is not good for most children

C Changing schools regularly is good for most children

D Not changing schools regularly is not good for most children

 

答案:B

[分析] 马丁教授坚持他的观点,即频繁换学校对多数孩子不好。见最后一段。

Passage 3

(79)Most people have heard of Shakespeare and probably know something of the plays that he wrote. However, not everybody knows much about the life of this remarkable man, except perhaps that he was born in the market town of Stratford- upon - Avon and that he married a woman called Anne Hathaway. We know nothing of his school life. We do not know, for example, how long it lasted, but we presume that he attended the local grammar school, where the principal subject taught was Latin.
   Nothing certain is known of what he did between the time he left school and his departure for London. According to a local legend, he was beaten and even put in prison for stealing rabbits and deer from the estate of a neighboring landowner, Sir Thomas Lucy. It is said that because of this he was forced to run away from his native place. A different legend says that he was apprenticed to a Stratford butcher, but did not like the life and for this reason decided to leave Stratford.
   Whatever caused him to leave the town of his birth; the world can be grateful that he did so. What is certain is that he set his foot on the road to fame when he arrived in London. (80) It is said that at first he was without money or friends there, but that he earned a little by taking care of the horses of the gentlemen who attended the plays at the theatre. In time, as he became a familiar figure to the actors in the theatre, they stopped and spoke to him. They found his conversation so brilliant that finally he was invited to join their company.

11. 

Shakespeare ______ in his early life.

A attended a public school

B lived in London

C studied Latin

D was put in prison for stealing cattle

 

答案:B

[分析] 根据一、二、三段可知,他上公立学校,学习拉丁文,因偷牲畜而被投到监狱都是猜测和传说。只有生活在伦敦是事实。

12. 

Why was he forced to leave his native place according to this passage?

A Because he didn't want to go to school.

B Because he left for London to become famous.

C Because he had stolen deer and was beaten.

D No one knows for certain.

 

答案:D

[分析] 根据二、三段可知,没有人知道在他离开学校到去伦敦之前发生过什么,也不知是什么使他离开他的出生地。

13. 

What is the reason why the world can be grateful?

A He wrote many world- famous plays.

B He became a good rider.

C He was an actor

D He was an traveller.

 

答案:A

[分析] 见第三段,世界人民感激莎士比亚是因为他写出了许多著名的戏剧。

14. 

"In time, as he became a familiar figure... ", "In time" means ______.

A on time

B sometimes

C some time later

D some time

 

答案:C

[分析] some time later“一段时间后on time“及时sometimes“有时some time“一段时间

15. 

The passage can be entitled as ______.

A the Early Life of Shakespeare

B Shakespeare' s Life in London

C shakespeare's Role in Performance

D Shakespeare's Later Life

 

答案:A

[分析] 根据全文,莎士比亚的早期生活是最佳题目。

 

 

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