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2015年河南学位英语考试试题:全真模拟一
2014-10-12 09:27     来源:31省市学位英语网  [ ]

河南省成人高等教育学士学位英语考试全真模拟试题(一)

 

Part I Vocabulary and Structure (20 points)

Directions: In this part there are 20 incomplete sentences. For each sentence there are four choices marked A, B, C and D. Choose the ONE answer that best completes the sentence. Then mark the best choice and mark the corresponding letter on the Answer Sheet with a single line through the center.

1. You don’t object ________ you by your first name, do you?

   A. for me to call      B. me to call          C. to my calling     D. my calling

2. My new glasses cost me _______ the last pair that I bought.

   A. three times                                      B. three times as much as            

   C. three times as much                          D. three times much as

3. One of the guards _______ when the general came in, which made him very angry.

   A. has slept             B. were sleeping     C. slept                 D. was sleeping

4. Helen apologized for _______ to attend the party.

   A. her not being able                                   B. her being not able    

   C. her to be not able                             D. her not to be able

5. It _______ me of the village where we spent our holidays last summer.

   A. remembers          B. reminds             C. recalls               D. relies

6. A _______ man is happy with what he has.

   A. conceited            B. competent         C. confident           D. contented

7. He _______ his son by giving him too much money.

   A. damaged             B. hurt                  C. spoiled              D. harmed

8. Before signing the contract, Mr. White looked it over _______.

   A. primarily            B. evenly               C. formally            D. cautiously

9. The doctor soon made the worried patient feel _______ ease.

   A. with                   B. at                            C. on                    D. off

10. We were delighted to find the trees planted a year before _______ very tall.

   A. growing                                          B. being grown     

   C. having been growing                        D. grown

11. _______ the importance of wearing seat belts while driving.

   A. Little they realize                             B. They little do realize 

   C. Little realize do they                        D. Little do they realize

12. They will go home for winter vacation as soon as they ______ their exams.

   A. have finished       B. finish                C. will finish         D. will have finished

13. Without your help, we _______ so much.

   A. didn’t achieve                                 B. would not have achieved         

   C. will not achieve                               D. don’t achieve

14. They sent us their statement, ________ to get our support.

A. hoped                 B. to hope             C. hoping                     D. having hoped

15. The time will come _______ man can fly to outer space freely.

   A. that                    B. when                C. in that               D. which

16. My wallet is nowhere to be found. I _______ when I was on the bus.

   A. must have dropped it                        B. must drop it            

   C. should have dropped it                            D. ought to have dropped it

17. Arriving at the bus stop, _______ waiting there.

   A. he found a lot of people                   B. a lot people were             

   C. he found a lot of people’s                 D. people were found

18. “She must be in the dormitory now.” “No, she _______ be there. I saw her in the classroom a minute ago.”

   A. mustn’t               B. couldn’t            C. can’t                 D. wouldn’t

19. _______ you were busy, I wouldn’t have bothered you with my questions.

   A. If I realized                                     B. Had I realized   

   C. Did I have realized that                    D. As I realized

20. Tom said that he wouldn’t mind _______.

   A. to wait for us                                  B. waiting for us          

   C. wait for us                                      D. for waiting us

 

Part II Reading Comprehension (40 points)

Directions: There are four passages in this part. Each passage is followed by some questions or unfinished statements. For each of them there are four choices marked A, B, C and D. You should decide on the best choice and mark the corresponding letter on the Answer Sheet with a single line through the center.

Passage 1

A little girl was given so many picture books on her seventh birthday that her father thought his daughter should give one or two of her new books to a little neighbor boy named Robert.

Now, taking books, or anything else, from a little girl is like taking candy from a baby, but the father of the little girl had his way and Robert got two of her books. “After all, that leaves you with nine,” said the father, who thought he was a philosopher and a child psychologist and couldn’t shut his big stupid mouth on the subject.

A few weeks later, the father went to his library to look up “father” in the Oxford English Dictionary to feast his eyes on the praise of fatherhood through the centuries, but he couldn’t find volume F-G and then he discovered that three others were missing, too. A-B, L-M, V-Z. He began to search his household and learned what had happened to the four missing volumes.

“A man came to the door this morning,” said his little daughter, “and he didn’t know how to get from here to Torrington, or from Torrington to Winsted, and he was a nice man, much nicer than Robert, and so I gave him four of your books. After all, there are thirteen volumes in the Oxford English Dictionary, and that leaves you with nine.”

21. How does the writer feel about taking picture books from a little girl?

  A. This sort of thing is quite common.            B. It makes no difference to a child.

  C. It’s nothing to be surprised at       .                    D. It may hurt the girl’s feelings.

22. In the second paragraph “the father…had his way” means ________.

  A. the father went out to work                       B. the father made his own decision

  C. the father left his daughter alone                D. the father did what he wanted

23. Which of the following sentences may best reflect the girl’s attitude toward her father?

  A. “A man came to the door this morning.”    B. “He was a nice man, much nicer than Robert.”

  C. “After all, that leaves you with nine.”      D. “I gave him four of your books.”

24. What does the writer think of the father?

  A. He was very strict with his daughter.

  B. He was too proud to listen to his daughter.

  C. As a child psychologist, he didn’t understand his daughter’s psychology very well.

  D. As a father, he showed little care for his daughter.

25. This short story tells us that ________.

  A. failure is the mother of success

  B. what you do not wish done to yourself, do not do to others

  C. we should put others first and ourselves last

  D. everything is hard in the beginning

 

Passage 2

What is exactly a lie? Is it anything we say which we know is untrue? Or is it something more than that? For example, suppose a friend wants to borrow some money from you, you say: I wish I could help you but I’m short of money myself. In fact, you are not short of money, but your friend is in the habit of not paying his debts and you don’t want to hurt his feelings by reminding him of this. Is this really a lie?

A scientific study of lying shows women are better liars than men, particularly when telling a “white lie” such as when a woman at a party tells another woman that she likes her dress when she really thinks it looks terrible. However, this is only one side of the story. Other researches show that men are more likely to tell more serious lies, such as making a promise which they have no intention of fulfilling. This is the kind of lie politicians and businessmen are supposed to be particularly skilled at: the lie from which the liar hopes to profit or gain in some way.

Research has also been done into the way people’s behavior changes in a number of small, apparently unimportant ways when they lie. It has been found that if they are sitting down at the same time, they tend to move about in their chairs more than usual. To the trained observer they are saying I wish I were somewhere else now.

26. This passage tells us that ________.

  A. telling lies is often necessary in order to avoid being defeated

  B. telling lies is often bad because people ought not to be dishonest

  C. telling lies is sometimes necessary in order not to hurt someone else’s feelings

  D. telling lies is not bad at all in most cases

27. In Paragraph 2, the sentence “Women are better liars than men do.” probably means ________.

A. women are better at telling lies than men

  B. women liars are better accepted than men

  C. women have a better intention when telling lies

  D. women tell fewer lies than men do

28. A “white lie” means ________.

  A. a lie that is completely unbelievable           B. a lie that is told with a good will

  C. a lie that is always believable                            D. a lie that often has an evil purpose

29. Politicians and businessmen are supposed to be skilled at telling the kind of lies ________.

  A. from which they may gain some advantages

  B. that seems to be believable

  C. that women are most likely to believe

  D. with which they can have better relationship with others

30. It can be concluded from the passage that ________.

  A. there is a simple way of finding out if someone is lying

  B. from some ways people behave we can know they are lying

  C. certain emotions are proof of lying

  D. in some situations women are most likely to think businessmen are dishonest

 

Passage 3

Life really should be one long journey of joy for children born with a world of wealth at their feet.

Internationally famous child doctor Robert Coles is the world’s top expert on the influence of money on children. He has written a well-known book on the subject, “The Privileged Ones”, and his research shows that too much money in the family can cause as many problems as too little. “Obviously there are certain advantages to being rich,” says the 33-year-old doctor, “such as better health, education and future work prospects. But the most important is the quality of family life. Money can’t buy love.”

It can buy a lot of other things, however, and that’s where the trouble starts. Rich kids have so much to choose from that they often become confused. Over-indulgence by their parents can make them spoilt. They tend to travel more than other children, from home to home and country to country, which causes feelings of restlessness.

“But privileged children do have a better sense of their positions in the world,” adds Mr. Coles, “and they are more self-assured.” The rich children inherit the property from their parents and enjoy a high income. So money will never be one of their problems. “However they will have a sense of isolation”, warns Dr Coles, “and they could suffer from the hardship of not being able to deal with the everyday world because they will never really be given the chance. Everything they have achieved is because of an accident of birth. There can be no tremendous inner satisfaction about that.”

Today’s wealthy parents perhaps realize their riches can be more of a heavy load than a happiness to their children. So the first thing for them to consider is to ensure that their families are as rich in love as they are in money.

31. In his book “The Privileged Ones,” Dr Coles implies that _______.

   A. there are fewer problems in the rich family than the poor family

   B. rich children live a life of separation from the world

   C. rich children usually enjoy more love than poor children

   D. the quality of rich children’s family life may not be high

32. In the doctor’s view, _______.

   A. there are both advantages and disadvantages to being rich

   B. traveling a lot will be beneficial to children

   C. rich children usually have little confidence in themselves

   D. rich kids are often short of money because of their life of luxury

33. Which of the following statements is TRUE according to the passage?

A. Rich children usually lead a life of happiness.

B. Rich children have earned what they have.

C. Rich children tend to feel isolated.

D. Rich children are hardly given too many material things.

34. According to the author of the passage, _______.

A. life is really a long journey of joy for rich children

B. the rich children feel greatly satisfied with the property they inherit from their parents

C. it is most important for wealth parents to make sure that their families are rich in love as well as in money

D. today all the wealthy parents are sure of the problems their money can bring

35. It seems that the author of the passage _______ what Dr. Coles says in the book “The Privileged Ones”.

A. knows little about                                  B. is doubtful about

   C. is opposed to                        D. agrees with

 

Passage 4

Very old people do raise moral problems for almost everyone who comes into contact with them. Their values this can’t be repeated too often are not necessarily our values. Physical comfort, cleanness and order are not necessarily the most important things. The social services from time to time find themselves faced with a flat with decaying(腐烂) food covered by small worms, and an old person lying alone on bed, taking no notice of the worms. But is it interfering with personal freedom to insist that they go to live with some of their relatives so that they might be taken better care of? Some social workers, the ones who clear up the worms, think we are in danger of carrying this concept of personal freedom to the point where serious risks are being taken with the health and safety of the old.

Indeed the old can be easily hurt or harmed. The body is like a car. It needs more mechanical maintenance as it gets older. You can carry this comparison right through to the provision of spare parts. But never forget that such operations are painful experiences, however good the results. And at what point should you cease to treat the old body? Is it morally right to try to push off death by continuing the development of drugs to excite the forgetful old mind and to make the old body active, knowing that it is designed to die? You cannot ask doctors or scientists to decide, because so long as they can see the technical opportunities, they will feel bound to give them a try, on the principle that while there’s life, there’s hope.

When you talk to the old people, however, you are forced to the conclusion that whether age is happy or unpleasant depends less on money or on health than it does on your ability to have fun.

36. It is implied in Paragraph 1 that ______.

   A. very old people enjoy living with their relatives

   B. social services have nothing to do with very old people

   C. very old people would like to live alone so that they can have more personal freedom

   D. very old people are able to keep their rooms very clean

37. Some social workers think that _______.

   A. health and safety are more important than personal freedom

   B. personal freedom is more important than health and safety

   C. old people should keep their rooms clean

   D. one should not take risks dealing with old people

38. In the author’s opinion, ______.

   A. the human body can’t be compared to a car

   B. the older a person is, the more care he needs

   C. too much emphasis has been put on old people’s values

   D. it is easy to provide spare parts for old people

39. The word “it” in the last paragraph refers to _______.

   A. the conclusion you have come to

   B. whether age is happy or unpleasant

   C. your talk to the old people

   D. one’s money or one’s health

40. The author thinks that _______.

   A. medical decisions for old people should be left to the doctors

   B. old people can enjoy a happy life only if they are very rich

   C. the opinion that we should try every means possible to save old people is doubtful

D. it is always morally right to treat old people and push off death

 

Part III Cloze (10 points)

Directions: There are 10 blanks in the following passage. For each blanks there are four choices marked A, B, C and D, you should choose one that best fits into the passage. Then mark the answer by blanking the corresponding letter on the Answer Sheet with a pencil.

A daily dose of laughter may be good for the heart because, like exercise, it makes blood vessels work more efficiently.

Depression,   41  the other hand, can raise the risk of dying from heart failure, a separate study found.

The two studies,   42  at a meeting of the American College of Cardiology in Orlando, Florida, show how psychological factors can  43  a person's health.

"We don't recommend that you laugh and not exercise,  44  we do recommend that you try to laugh on a regular basis. Thirty minutes of exercise three times a week, and 15 minutes of laughter on a daily  45  is probably good for the vascular system," said Dr. Michael Miller.

Miller and colleagues at the school  46  two movies, one humorous,  47  stressful, to 20 healthy volunteers and tested the function of their blood vessels.

The researchers specifically looked at the endothelium, the lining of the vessels, and found that blood  48  was reduced in 14 of the 20 volunteers after stressful movie cuttings. But blood flowed more freely in 19 of the 20 subjects  49  they laughed at funny movie segments.

Average blood flow increased 22 percent during laughter, and  50  35 percent during mental stress, they told the meeting.

41. A. at                              B. on                           C. in                                   D. by

42. A. presenting                  B. to present                 C. present ed                 D. presents

43. A. influence                   B. interrupt                   C. effect                       D. affect

44. A. but                            B. otherwise                 C. nevertheless       D. still

45. A. base                          B. based                       C. basis                        D. basic

46. A. exhibited                   B. showed                    C. illustrated                 D. displayed

47. A. other                         B. second                            C. two                          D. one

48. A. flow                          B. vessel                       C. pressure                   D. function

49. A. during                       B. since                      C. when                       D. while

50. A. lowed                        B. decreased                 C. lessened                   D. lowered

 

Part IV Translate from English to Chinese (20 points)

Directions: Read the following passage and translate the 5 parts underlined in the following passage from English into Chinese and write them on the Translation Paper.

 

Not all memories are sweet. Some people spend all their lives trying to forget bad experiences. Violence and traffic accidents can leave people with terrible physical and emotional scars. Often they relive these experiences in nightmares(噩梦).

  (51)Now American researchers think they are close to developing a pill, which will help people forget bad memories. The pill is designed to be taken immediately after a frightening experience. They hope it might reduce, or possibly erase(抹去), the effect of painful memories.

  In November, experts tested a drug on people in the US and France. The drug stops the body releasing chemicals that fix memories in the brain. (52) So far the research has suggested that only the emotional effects of memories may be reduced, not that the memories are erased.

  The research has caused a great deal of argument. Some think it is a bad idea, while others support it.

  (53)Supporters say it could lead to pills that prevent or treat soldiers’ troubling memories after war. They say that there are many people who suffer from terrible memories.

  “Some memories can ruin people’s lives. They come back to you when you don’t want to have them in a daydream or nightmare. They usually come with very painful emotions.” said Roger Pitman, a professor of psychiatry at Harvard MedicalSchool. “This could relieve a lot of that suffering.”

  (54)But those who are against the research say that it is very dangerous to change memories because memories give us our identity. They also help us all avoid the mistakes of the past.

  (55)“All of us can think of bad events in our lives that were horrible at the time but make us who we are. I’m not sure we want to wipe those memories out,” said Rebecca Dresser, a medical ethicist.

 

Part V Writing (30 points)

For this part, you are allowed 30 minutes to write a composition on the topic: Positive and Negative Effects of Computer. Write at least 100 words and base your composition on the outline below and use the words for references as many as you can.

1)计算机被人们广泛使用;

2)计算机既有好的影响也有坏的影响;

3)我的看法。

全真模拟试题(一)解析

 

Part I Vocabulary and Structure

1. C【句意】你不反对我叫你的名字,是吗?

【解析】不及物动词object 的用法:object to sth. / doing sth.,故选择C

2. B【句意】我的新眼镜花了我上副眼镜三倍的价钱。

【解析】倍数表示法为:基数词 + times + as many/much as + 比较部分,由于本句比较的价钱是不可数名词,所以选择B选项为正确答案。

3. D【句意】当将军进来时,其中一个士兵在睡觉,这使得他非常生气。

【解析】根据题干的意思,应选择过去进行时,而one of + 名词复数结构做主语要选谓语动词用单数的形式,所以选D

4. A【句意】海伦为她没能参加晚会而道歉。

【解析】考查动名词的否定形式及带有形容词性物主代词的动名词与否定词的位置关系。其正确形式为:形容词性物主代词 + not + 动名词,所以选择A

5. B【句意】它使我回想起我们去年度假的那个村庄。

【解析】remember to do sth. 记着去做……,或remember doing sth.记得做过; remind,常和介词of搭配使用,remind sb. of sth. “使……想起”;recall“回想,回忆”;rely on“依赖、依靠”, 根据题干意思,选择B

6. D【句意】一个知足的人为自己所拥有的东西而快乐。

【解析】 conceited“自负的;骄傲的”;competent“能干的,能胜任的”;confident“自信的”;contented“满足的,满意的”,根据题干的意思,选择D

7. C【句意】他给他的儿子太多的钱而宠坏了孩子。

【解析】damage“损坏,毁坏(名誉)”;hurt“伤害”;spoil“弄坏,损坏;宠坏”;harm“伤害;损害;危害”。

8. D【句意】在签署合同前,怀特先生谨慎地看了看合同。

【解析】 primarily“主要地;基本地”;evenly“双数地;平分地”;formally“正式地”;cautiously“小心地;谨慎地”。根据题意,选择答案D

9. B【句意】医生很快使那个焦虑的病人放轻松。

【解析】feel at ease是固定搭配,意为“感觉放松”。

10. A【句意】我们很高兴地发现一年前种的树长得很高了。

【解析】动词find的用法是:find + sb./sth. + 形容词 / 现在分词 / 过去分词 / 介词短语,如果sb./sth. 与后面的动词是主动关系(或表示正在进行),后面的动词用现在分词形式;如果是被动关系或表示某人已完成某事,后面的动词用过去分词形式。tree grow是主动关系,故选择A

11. D【句意】他们没有意识到开车系安全带的重要性。

【解析】little放在句首要求采用部分倒装。其基本结构为little + 助动词 + 主语 + 句子其它部分。

12. B【句意】他们一考完试就要回家过寒假。

【解析】在before, when, while, as soon as等引导的时间状语从句中用一般现在时代替一般将来时。

13. B【句意】如果没有你的帮助,我们就不能取得如此多的成就。

【解析】根据题意,这里需用一个与过去事实相反的虚拟语气。

14. C【句意】他们给我们送来他们的意见,希望得到我们的支持。

【解析】现在分词做伴随状语,而且现在分词的动作与主句谓语动词的动作同时发生,所以使用现在分词的一般式。

15. B【句意】人类在外太空自由遨游的时候将会到来。

【解析】先行词为time, 是表示时间的名词,所以用when引导定语从句。又因英语句式是句末重心,故此句的定语从句被置于句末。

16. A【句意】我的钱包找不到了,一定是我坐汽车的时候掉了。

【解析】 对过去动作的推测用must + have done的结构。should/ought to + have done表示本应做某事而没做。

17. A【句意】一到汽车站,他就发现许多人正等在那儿。

【解析】考查非谓语动词。find + sb.+ doing结构,意为“发现某人正做某事”。一般情况下,分词短语的逻辑主语和句子主语要一致。arriving at动作是由he发出的,即hearriving at 的逻辑主语。

18. C【句意】“她现在一定在寝室。”“不,不可能,我刚才看见她在教室。”

【解析】must + do表示对现在情况的肯定判断,can’t + do表示对现在情况的否定推断。而mustn’twouldn’t没有“不可能”的意思。couldn’t + 动词原形表示对过去情况的否定推断。

19. B【句意】如果知道你忙,我就不会问问题打扰你了。

【解析】此题为省略if的虚拟条件状语从句,其结构为had+主语+过去分词+句子其它,主句结构为:主语 + would had done

20. B【句意】汤姆说他不介意等我们。

【解析】 mindavoidadmitenjoyescapefinishcan’t helppostpone, practise, risk, suggest等动词后要求用动名词doing做宾语。

 

Part II Reading Comprehension

21. D【解析】从第二段第一句可知作者认为拿走小女孩的书就像拿走小宝宝的糖果,这样的举动会伤害小女孩的情感,所以选择D。选项B:对小孩不会有任何影响,是父亲对女儿的想法,而不是作者的看法。

22. D【解析】从第二段第一句的后半句可推断爸爸拿走了小女孩的两本书并把它们送给了罗伯特。所以选择D“爸爸做了他想做的事”即把书送给了罗伯特。

23. C【解析】ABD均为小女孩送给陌生人书的理由,只有C是送书的结果,因此只有C选项可以表明小女孩对待她爸爸的态度。

24. C【解析】ABD选项所给的信息均未在原文体现。只有C所给信息“作为儿童心理学家,他并不是很理解他女儿的心理。”与原文符合。

25. B【解析】此题综合全文可得出B“已所不欲,勿施于人”正确。其它选项意思分别为A“失败是成功之母”;C“先人后已”;D“万事开头难”。

26. C【解析】第一段作者举的例子,可以得出C“有时为了不伤害其他人的感情说谎是必须的”正确。其它选项的信息在文中没有明确出现。

27. C【解析】从第二段作者举例可知女人更爱说“white lie”,即善意的谎言,而男人更有可能说一些严重的谎话。所以C选项“女人说谎时有较好的意图”符合原文。A选项说的太笼统,女人仅在说“white lie”时比男人擅长,而说“serious lie”则不及男人;BD选项所给信息并未在文中出现。

28. B【解析】white lie”的意思是善意的谎言,从文中第二段女人说谎所举的例子也可以推断出B选项“带有善意所说的谎”为正确答案。

29. A【解析】第二段最后一句“政治家和商人尤其擅长说这种谎话,即可从这些谎言中赚钱或获利。”而A选项“他们或许可以从中赢得一些好处”与之相一致。

30. B【解析】第三段第一句“对人们行为举止的研究表明:当人们说谎时,会以大量不起眼的、表面上不重要的方式改变自己的举止”为主题句,文章所得出的结论为B选项“从人们的一些行为举止,我们能够知道他们在说谎”,与主题句相一致。

31. D【解析】从第二段“他的研究显示,家里太有钱带来的问题与太缺钱带来的问题一样多。很明显,富有会带来一定的优势,…… 但是重要的是家庭生活的质量,钱买不来爱。”可推断出“富裕家庭孩子的家庭生活质量不一定就高”,D选项符合题意。

32. A【解析】第二、三段作者说明了富裕家庭带给孩子的一些不足之处, 第四段作者列举了一些advantagesdisadvantages to being rich,可见A选项“有钱既有优势也有不足之处”符合文中观点。BCD选项的信息与原文不一致。

33. C【解析】从第四段“However, they will have a sense of isolation.”可以判断C正确。

34. C【解析】从文章最后一段中“So the first thing … in money.”这一结论句可得出C“对于富有的父母,确定家庭的爱和财富一样富有是非常重要的”符合原文结论。

35. D【解析】 作者在行文的最后得出结论:保证家人在爱和财富上同样富有是最重要的。Dr. Coles在《特权阶层》一书中的观点是:财富可以给人在很多方面带来优势,但最重要的是家庭生活质量。金钱买不来爱。因此,作者和Dr. Coles的观点一致。

36. C【解析】从第一段中的“But is it interfering …care of ?”可知与此信息相对应的C选项“上年纪的人宁愿独自生活,以便可以享受更多的自由。”正确。ABC选项所给信息与原文相悖,故错误。

37. A【解析】从第一段最后一句话可知一些社会工作者认为把个人自由与老年人的健康与安全等同是危险的,从而可推断出A选项(他们认为“健康与安全比个人的自由更重要)符合题意。

38. A 【解析】尽管在第二段中出现了“The body is like… older.”但从第一句主题句 “Indeed, the old can be easily hurt or harmed.”和后面文中 “But…”语气的转折可以分析出人的身体不能像汽车一样说换个零件就轻松地换掉,所以A选项正确。

39. B【解析】it是代词,代替前面的内容,在此句中替代than比较状语从句中的主语,所以B选项“whether age is happy or unhappy”whether引导的主语从句正确。

40. C【解析】作者从老年人的“personal free”与 “health, safety”入手论述“health, safety”是否重要,又进而分析老年人的健康、生命的延续无法同汽车更换零件一样简单,最终得出结论,对老年人真正重要的不是金钱或健康而是是否有能够快乐的能力,所以与此观点相符合的C选项正确。

 

Part III Cloze

41. B【解析】考查固定搭配on the other hand另一方面。

42. C【解析】present展现,介绍。用过去分词表示被动。

43. D【解析】词义辨析。affect指(在某方面)引起变化,影响,特别指在坏的方面产生的影响。指对身体、健康的影响常用affect;对思想、决定上的影响常用influenceeffect作为名词时意为“效果,作用”,作动词时意为“产生,引起(=bring about);实现,完成”。

44. A 【解析】but表示转折,因为前半句是don’t recommend不建议,而后半句是do recommend强烈建议,因此but引出与前面相反的内容。otherwise否则;nevertheless尽管如此;然而。45. C【解析】考查固定搭配on a basis / on the basis of以…为基础;base:底部,基础(=function),基地;based是动词过去式、过去分词,basic是形容词。

46. B【解析】show movie放映电影;exhibit展览;illustrate(举实例)说明,做图解;display展示,陈列,表现。

47. D【解析】one humorous, one stressful一部是搞笑幽默片,一部是令人压抑的电影。

48. C【解析】固定用法,blood pressure血压。

49. C【解析】when引导时间状语从句。句意为:但是,当研究对象看到有趣的电影片断而大声笑的时候,20人里面有19人的血液循环顺畅。while表示“…的时候,和…同时”;during在…期间。

50. B【解析】在大声笑的时候,血液流速平均加快百分之二十,在心情压抑的时候则减慢百分之三十五。increasedecrease是一组反义词。lessen减少,变少,变小;lower降低,减低。

 

Part IV Translate from English to Chinese

51. 现在美国研究者认为他们很快将研发出一种药片,这会帮助人们减少坏的记忆。

52. 迄今为止,研究已经显示,能够被减少的只是记忆的情感影响,而不是记忆被删除。

53. 这项研究的支持者说,此项研究最终研发出的药片将有助于治疗战后士兵的痛苦的回忆给他们造成的危害。

54. 但是那些反对这项研究的人说,改变一个人的记忆是非常有害的,因为正是记忆让我们具有了身份。

55.所有人都认为我们生活中的坏事是令人恐惧的,但它们却让我们每个人成为我们自己。

 

Part V Writing

Positive and Negative Effects of Computer

     With the rapid development of information technology, computers play more and important part in our daily life. Nowadays, it has paid more people attentions than before. Different people have different attitudes.      

Most people think that computers have positive effects on us. Firstly, it can enrich our horizon. We can obtain more knowledge and get more information about the world. Secondly, it can make our office work efficient. Instead of these paper, pencil, ruler, calculator and so on, now we can deal with the files, cartographies, tables by a computer.

It goes without saying that every coin has two sides, so does computers. Many teenagers become so addicted to computer games or online chat that they ignore their study. Some of them even do not go to school instead of go to the Internet cafes.

As far as I am concerned, the positive effects of computer are important as the negative effects. Therefore, we should make good use of computers and let them do well to people and make our life wonderful.

 

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