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2015年四川学位英语试题:模拟试题一
2014-10-12 09:33     来源:31省市学位英语网  [ ]

四川省成人高等教育学士学位英语考试全真模拟试题

 

Part I Vocabulary and Structure (20%)

Directions: In this part there are 40 incomplete sentences. For each sentence there are four choices marked A, B, C and D. Choose the ONE answer that best completes the sentence. Then mark the corresponding letter on the Answer Sheet with a single line through the center.

1. How long do you think ________ to finish this urgent task?

A. did it take you                                  B. it will take you     

C. will it take you                               D. it to take you

2. Wealth, education and occupation vary greatly ________ members of the middle class.

A. among           B. between             C. from             D. inside

3. Let’s buy our tickets while I still have ________.

A. a little money to leave                      B. little money left

C. a few dollars left                            D. few dollars to leave

4. ________ was not the way the event happened.

A. Which the press reported                B. That the press reported

C. What did the press report                  D. What the press reported

5. People do not like such persons who are always ________ the way of others.

A. on          B. by                    C. in                  D. behind

6. At first we were ________ amused by Don’s words, but soon we were tired of them.

A. great        B. far                 C. much              D. never

7. He talks as if he ________ everything in the world.

A. knows       B. knew               C. would have known  D. had known

8. The doctor advised that Mr. Malan ________ an operation right away so as to save his life.

A. had           B. was going to have     C. have               D. would have

9. He forgot about ________ him to attend my wife’s birthday party.

A. I asking       B. my asking          C. me to ask            D. mine to ask

10. So little ________ about stock exchange that the lecture was completely beyond me.

A. did I know                                   B. I had known     

C. I know                                            D. was I known

11. The boy’s laziness ________ his failure in the exams.

A. resulted from                                B. brought in      

C. resulted in                                  D. led into

12. Only guests of the hotel enjoy the ________ of using the private beach.

A. privilege            B. possibility      C. favor               D. advantage

13. Tom ________ more than twenty pounds for the dictionary.

A. spent                 B. paid                    C. cost                 D. took

14. The governor had to ________ all his appointments for the day and rush to the train accident.

A. set off              B. pay off           C. see off           D. call off

15. One car went too fast and ________ missed hitting another car.

A. completely        B. greatly          C. narrowly          D. little

16. He was accused ________ stealing from the shop.

A. with               B. in              C. of               D. at

17. It took me a long time to ________ the disappointment of losing the match.

A. get over            B. get up           C. get into           D. get down

18. All the reference books should be made ________ to the teachers and students in our university.

A. concerned      B. available         C. related           D. flexible

19. He never thought the committee would ________ his proposal.

A. put up         B. object to         C. pass on                D. call on

20. The company official ________ I thought would be fired received a raise.

A. whom         B. whoever          C. who              D. of whom

21. Mr. Green ________ my letter, otherwise he would have replied before now.    

A. must have receive                           B. must have failed to receive

C. must receive                                  D. must fail to receive

22. We shall appreciate ________ from you soon.

A. being heard     B. hearing             C. having been heard    D. to hear

23. I fell and hurt myself while I ________ tennis.

A. was playing     B. am playing      C. play                D. played

24. ________ you disagree with her, her idea is still worth considering.

A. Even if         B. If only            C. Instead of           D. Despite of

25. I’d ________ you didn’t touch that, if you don’t mind.

A. rather          B. better             C. happier                D. further

26. The two men arrested for breaking into that shop have been ________ $10,000.

A. committed      B. driven             C. charged               D. fined

27. The driver might have ________ the accident if he had had his headlights on.

A. missed            B. avoided           C. stopped                 D. dismissed

28. The people at the party were worried about Janet because no one was aware ________ she had gone.

A. where that      B. of where          C. of the place             D. the place

29. I ________ on the door for ten minutes now without an answer.

A. was knocking                        B. am knocking     

C. knocking                                    D. have been knocking

30. _________ tired after a hard work, she fell into bed and went straight to sleep.

A. Felt           B. Feeling            C. Being felt             D. To feel

31. He was ________ enough to understand my questions from the gestures I made.

A. intelligent      B. efficient                 C. proficient              D. diligent

32. If you ________ the speed limit you will get into trouble with the police.

A. exclude        B. exceed            C. excuse                 D. execute

33. He opened the door and let himself in quietly ________ not to wake the family.

A. because        B. so as               C. so that                 D. despite

34. I wish you ________ to me before you went and bought that car.

A. spoke                                      B. will speak

C. was going to speak                          D. had spoken

35. The director who was recently promoted did ________.

A. work more than anyone else           B. more than anyone else work

C. more work than anyone else            D. work more than anyone

36. Before her marriage, she spent a considerable time in that very part of Shanghai, _______ she belonged.

A. which         B. to where           C. to which             D. at which

37. “Good- bye, Mr. Wang. I’m pleased _________ you”

A. to meet        B. meeting           C. to have been meeting   D. to be met

38. The investigation, ________ will soon be published, was made by John.

A. at which the results                      B. the results on which

C. whose results                         D. at whose results

39. Don’t you know he is an old friend of ________?

A. my brother                                  B. my brother’s friend  

C. my brother’s                             D. my brothers

40. _________ you return those books to the library immediately you will have to pay a fine.

A. Until          B. Unless              C. If                  D. Provided

 

Part II Reading Comprehension (40%)

Directions: There are four passages in this part. Each passage is followed by some questions or unfinished statements. For each of them there are four choices marked A, B, C and D. You should decide on the best choice and mark the corresponding letter on the Answer Sheet with a single line through the center.

Passage 1

Almost every family buys at least one copy of a newspaper every day. Some people subscribe (订阅) to as many as two or three newspapers. But why do people read newspapers?

Five hundred years ago, news of important happenings battles lost and won, king or rulers overthrown(推翻) or killed took months and even years to travel from one country to another. The news passed by word of mouth and was never accurate. Today we can read in our newspapers of important events that occur in far away countries on the same day they happen.

Apart from supplying news from all over the world, newspapers give us a lot of other useful information. There are weather reports, radio, television and film guides, book reviews, stories and, of course, advertisements. The bigger ones are put in by large companies to bring attention to their products. They pay the newspapers thousands of dollars for the advertising space but it is worth the money, for news of their products goes into almost every home in the country. For those who produce newspapers, advertisements are also very important. Money earned from advertisements makes it possible for them to sell their newspapers at a low price and still make a profit.

Newspapers often have information on gardening, cooking and fashion, as well as a small but very popular section on jokes and cartoons(漫画).

41. The habit of reading newspapers is ________.

A. uncommon in the world              B. not popular in U.S.A.

C. widespread in the world              D. founded among a few families

42. A few hundred years ago news did not ________.

A. receive attention                    B. travel fast

C. spread to other countries                 D. take long to reach other countries

43. In the past, news was ________.

A. sent by telegraph                      B. passed from one person to another

C. sent by letter                      D. sent by telephone

44. The money spent on advertisements is ________.

A. wasted                    B. not much           C. worthwhile     D. useless

45. The section on jokes and cartoons is ________.

A. read only by children    B. of no value    C. not helpful    D. read by many

 

Passage 2

Pepys and his wife had asked some friends to dinner on Sunday, September 2nd, 1666. They were very late on the Saturday evening, getting everything ready for the next day, and while they were busy they saw the glow of a fire start in the sky. By 3 o’clock on the Sunday morning, its glow had become so bright that Jane woke her husband to watch it. Pepys slipped on his dressing-gown and went to the window to watch it. It seemed fairly far away, so after a time he went back to bed. When he got up in the morning, it looked as though the fire was dying down, though he could still see some flames. So he set to work to tidy his room and put his things back where he wanted them.

While he was doing this, Jane came in to say that she had heard the fire was a bad one. Three hundred houses had been burned down in the night and the fire was still burning. Pepys went out to see for himself. He went to the Tower of London and climbed up on a high part of the buildings so that he could see what was happening. From there, Pepys could see that it was, indeed, a bad fire and that even the houses on London Bridge were burning. The man of the Tower told him that the fire had started in a baker’s shop in Pudding Lane; the baker’s house had caught fire from the over-heated oven and then the flames had quickly spread to the other houses in the narrow lane. So began the Great Fire of London, a fire that lasted nearly five days, destroyed most of the old city and ended, so it is said, at Pie Corner.

46. What is the passage about?

A. The Great Fire of London.              B. Who was the first to discover the fire.

C. What Pepys was doing during the fire.    D. The losses caused by the fire.

47. They were up very late because ________.

A. it was Sunday morning                 B. they were not very sleepy

C. they were preparing for the dinner        D. they saw the great fire start

48. What was Pepys doing when his wife told him about the fire?

A. He was asleep.                        B. He was writing something.

C. He was putting things back.              D. He was looking out of the window.

49. Pepys slipped on his dressing gown. “To slip on ” means______.

A. to be wearing      B. to be pushing      C. to take off      D. to put on

50. Why did the flames spread quickly?

A. The oven became very hot.                 B. The houses were close together.

C. The baker did nothing to stop it.           D. The baker’s house was burning quickly.

 

Passage 3

A new report of the United Nations shows that, if the present growth rate of 2 percent per year continues, today’s world population of 5.1 billion will hit 6.4 billion by the year 2000.

What’s more, the great part of the growth 9 of every 10 people added to the earth’s population will be in the poor and undeveloped countries. These are the nations where providing enough food for billions of people already is proving to be a headaching problem.

By the year 2000, today’s “have not” nations will have a total population of 5 billion people, nearly four fifths of the world’s population.

Food isn’t the only problem that such a population explosion presents. The more people there are and the worse their living conditions, the greater grows the possibility of all kinds of social problems.

In 1830, world population reached 1 billion. It took only 100 more years to add another billion to world population; just 30 more to add a third billion. And it took just 15 more years to reach the 4 billion mark in 1975.

Actually, the world’s birth rate is falling. But so is death rate, as medical advances have made it possible for man to live longer than before. Such advances have also reduced baby death rate. Unless population growth is reduced, the world population may reach 12 billion in a century. Is the earth capable of providing a good life for so large a population?

51. A population explosion will lead to ________.

A. a lot of social problems               B. medical advances

C. a decrease in food production          D. a worse life in every country

52. It took about ________ years for world population to grow from l billion to 3 billion.

A. 100          B. 115          C. 130                  D. 145

53. By the year 2000, today’s ________ nations will have a total population of 5 billion people, nearly four fifths of the world’s population.

A. biggest       B. Asian        C. developing      D. developed

54. ________, the world may have a population of 12 billion a century.

A. If man can live longer in the future

B. If the science of medicine is developing fast enough

C. If the population growth is not reduced

D. If the earth is able to provide a good life for more people

55. This passage tells us that ________.

A. the United Nations thinks it possible to avoid a population explosion

B. 5.1 billion people are living in the undeveloped countries

C. in advanced nations the population growth is being controlled

D. the world’s population is increasing

 

Passage 4

A scientist who wants to predict the way in which consumers(消费者) will spend their money must study consumer behavior. He must obtain data both on the resources of consumers and on the motives that tend to encourage or discourage money spending.

If an economist were asked which of the three groups borrow most people with rising incomes, stable incomes, or decreasing incomes he would probably answer: those with decreasing incomes. Actually, in the years 1947-1950, the answer was: people with rising incomes. People with decreasing incomes were next and people with stable incomes borrowed the least. This shows us that traditional assumptions(假设) about earning and spending are not always reliable. Another traditional assumption is that if people who have money expect prices to go up, they will hasten to buy. If they expect prices to go down, they will postpone buying. But research surveys have shown that this is not always true. The expectations of price increases may not stimulate buying. One typical attitude was expressed by the wife of a mechanic in an interview at a time of rising prices. “In a few months,” she said, “we’ll have to pay more for meat and milk; we’ll have less to spend on other things.” Her family had been planning to buy a new car but they postponed this purchase. Furthermore, the rise in prices that has already taken place may be disliked and buyer’s resistance may be produced. This is shown by the following typical comment: “I just don’t pay these prices; they are too high.”

The investigations mentioned above were carried out in America. The condition most helpful to spending appears to be price stability. If prices have been stable and people consider that they are reasonable, they are likely to buy. Thus, it appears that the common business policy of maintaining stable prices is based on a correct understanding of consumer psychology(心理学).

56. According to the passage, if one wants to predict the way consumers spend their money, he should ________.

A. rely on traditional assumptions about earning and spending

B. try to encourage or discourage consumers to spend money

C. carry out investigations on consumer behavior and get data on consumers’ incomes and money spending motives

D. do researches in consumer psychology in a laboratory

57. According to paragraph 2, one traditional assumption is that people with ________ incomes borrow most.

A. average       B. stable       C. decreasing       D. rising

58. According to paragraph 2, research surveys have proved that ________.

A. price increases always stimulate people to hasten to buy things

B. rising prices may make people put off their purchase of certain things

C. women are more sensitive to the rising in prices than men

D. the expectations of price increases often make buyers feel angry

59. From the results of the surveys, the writer of this article ________.

A. concludes that the saving and spending patterns in Great Britain are better than those in America

B. concludes that the consumers always expect prices to remain stable

C. concludes that maintaining stable prices is a correct business policy

D. does not draw any conclusion

60. Which of the following statements is always TRUE according to the surveys mentioned in the passage?

A. Consumers will put off buying things if they expect prices to decrease.

B. Consumers will spend their money quickly if they expect prices to increase.

C. The price condition has an influence on consumer behavior.

D. Traditional assumptions about earning and spending are reliable.

 

Part III Cloze (10%)

Directions: There are 10 blanks in the following passage. For each blanks there are four choices marked A, B, C and D, you should choose one that best fits into the passage. Then mark the answer by blanking the corresponding letter on the Answer Sheet with a pencil.

Humans fall into two types when it comes to biological clock: the early-to-bed and early-to-rise or late-night-loving who wake up long after the dawn. As any parent knows, teenagers may take the  61  to extremes. But their oversleeping does not relax them. Some researcher say: “: Biology is to blame.”

The researchers surveyed the sleep habits of 25,000 Germans,  62  from 8 to 90, and found that as the teenage years wear on, the hour when kids go to bed and get up drifts later and later. It’s not that they’re sleeping more.   63  , it’s that their living clock is twisted. However, around age 20, the pattern reverses. The clocks tick  64  , and young adults begin to go to sleep and wake up earlier and earlier. Eventually, their clocks coincide with  65  of older people.

The quick change may mark the biological end of teenage years. A difference  66  the timing in men and in women points to a biological cause, perhaps a hormonal effect.

Because the living clock is  67  by exposure to sunlight, the researchers suspects the many hours some kids  68  staying in their dark rooms could push the clocks even later—a pattern that may be more common in industrialized societies. The researchers also discovered that rural residents,  69  lifestyle puts them in daylight more, retire and rise an hour earlier than city  70 . “We think this is only the tip of an iceberg that shows us the consequences of dim-light environments,” the researchers say.     

61. A. former                B. latter                 C. first                  D. last

62. A. range                  B. ranges               C. ranging             D. ranged

63. A. Rather                B. Though             C. Yet                   D. Nevertheless

64. A. forth                  B. forwards           C. upwards            D. back

65. A. this                    B. that                   C. those                 D. these

66. A. for                            B. between            C. among                     D. of

67. A. adjusted                     B. adjusting           C. adapted             D. adapting

68. A. take                    B. use                   C. afford               D. spend

69. A. their                   B. whose               C. which               D. how

70. A. researchers          B. teenagers           C. residents            D. parents

 

Part IV Translate from English to Chinese

Directions: Read the following passage and translate the 5 parts underlined in the following passage from English into Chinese and write them on the Translation Paper.

Man is a land animal, but he is also closely tied to the sea. Throughout history the sea has served the needs of man. (71)The sea has provided man with food and a convenient way to travel to many parts of the world. Today, experts believe that nearly two-thirds of the world’s population live within eighty kilometers of the seacoast.

    (72) In the modern technological world the sea offers many resources to help mankind survive. Resources on land are beginning to grow less. The sea, however, still offers hope to supply many of man’s needs in the future.

(73)The riches of the sea yet to be developed by man’s technology are impressive. Oil and gas explorations have existed for nearly thirty years. Valuable amounts of minerals such as iron, copper and so on exist on the ocean floor.

    Besides oil and gas, the sea may offer new sources of energy. For example, warm temperature of the ocean can be used as the steam in a steamship. Sea may also offer a source of energy as electricity for mankind.

(74)Technology is enabling man to explore even deeper under the sea. It is obvious that the technology to harvest the sea continues to improve. (75) By the year 2050, experts believe that the problems to explore the food, minerals and energy resources of the sea will have been largely solved.

 

Part V Writing (15%)

For this part, you are allowed 30 minutes to write a composition on the topic:

Global Shortage of Fresh Water Write at least 100 words and base your composition on the outline below and use the words for references as many as you can.

1. 人们以为淡水是取之不尽的 (提示:雨水、河水、井水......)

2. 实际上淡水是非常紧缺的 (提示:人口增加,工业用水增加,污染......)

3. 我们应该怎么办

 

解析

Part I Vocabulary and Structure

1. B【句意】你认为你要完成这项紧急的任务要多长时间?

【解析】宾语从句是特殊疑问句,语序为:特殊疑问词+陈述句。故排除AC。本句中it是宾语从句中的形式主语,动词不定式是真正宾语,选项D中动词不定式to take不能做谓语,故排除D

2. A【句意】在中产阶级中,财富、受教育程度和职业有着很大的差异。

【解析】among“在…(三者或三者以上)当中”;between“在两者之间”;from“从…当中”;inside“在…内”。故A正确。

3. C【句意】既然我还剩几美元,我们买票吧。

【解析】 考查非谓语动词和限定代词。 句中money, dollarleave是动宾关系,需用leave的过去分词形式作定语,故排除ADlittle, a little与不可数名词连用,分别表示“不多”、“有些”。fewa few和可数名词连用。根据句意,排除B

4. D【句意】新闻对这个事件的报道不属实。

【解析】该句的主语是由what引导的主语从句。连接代词what不仅起连接作用,而且在从句中还充当一个语法成分,在本句中是从句的宾语。

5. C【句意】人们不喜欢那些总是妨碍别人的人。

【解析】介词短语on the way to“在去…的路上”;by the way“顺便说”;in the way of“妨碍”。根据题意,C正确。

6. C【句意】起初我们觉得Don的话很有意思,但很快就厌烦了。

【解析】句中所缺成分是状语,great是形容词,不能做状语。副词far修饰形容词或副词的比较级或最高级,表示程度。副词never“从不”,不符合题意。副词much修饰谓语动词,表示程度。故答案为C

7. B【句意】他说起话来就好像对世界无所不知似的。

【解析】 as if引导的从句需用虚拟语气,主句时态是一般现在时,从句时态应为过去时。故答案为B

8. C【句意】医生建议Malan先生立刻动手术以挽救其生命。

【解析】宾语从句中虚拟语气的形式是:主语+要求跟虚拟从句的动词+虚拟的宾语从句,宾语从句的谓语,美国英语要求用动词原形,英国英语要求用should+动词原形。谓语动词需用虚拟语气的宾语从句主要有下列动词:ask, advise, beg, demand, desire, determine, deserve, insist, maintain, propose, order, recommend, require, request, suggest, urge, etc.

9. B【句意】他忘了我邀请他参加我妻子生日晚会的事了。

【解析】介词后面只能用名词、代词或动名词作宾语,动名词有自己的逻辑主语,一般用物主代词或名词所有格的形式。故正确选项为B

10. A【句意】我对股票交易知之甚少,以至于根本听不懂这个讲座。

【解析】 否定词和含有否定含义的短语以及so, only, often, little等词位于句首时引起部分倒装,即谓语的一部分(通常是助动词和情态动词)放在主语前面。故正确选项为A

11. C【句意】这个男孩的懒惰导致了他考试不及格。

【解析】result from“由…所导致”;result in“导致”;bring in“把…带进”,而bring about是“导致”的意思;lead into “引发、引起”(由一个话题到另一个话题),而lead to才是“导致”的意思。

12. A【句意】只有饭店的客人享有使用这片私人海滩的权利。

【解析】privilege“特权”;possibility“可能性”;favor“恩惠”;advantage“优势”。根据题意,A正确。

13. B【句意】汤姆买这本字典花了二十多英镑。

【解析】spend“花钱或时间”,用法:spend money/time on sth.,主语是人;pay“付款”,用法:pay money (for sth)cost“花费”,用法:sth. cost money, 主语是物;take“花时间”。根据题意,B正确。

14. D【句意】这个地方长官不得不推掉当天的所有预约,赶赴火车出事地点。

【解析】set off“动身”;pay off“偿付清”;see off“送行”;call off“取消”。根据题意,答案为D

15. C【句意】一辆车开得太快了,差一点就撞上了另一辆车。

【解析】completely“完全地”;greatly“大大地”;narrowly“勉强地,差一点儿”;little“稍许”。根据题意,C正确。

16. C【句意】他被指控在商店盗窃。

【解析】固定搭配accuse sb ofdoingsth.“指控某人”。

17. A【句意】我用了很久的时间摆脱输掉比赛的失望。

【解析】get over“把……说清楚,从……中恢复过来”;get up“起床”;get into“陷入困境”;get down“写下,渐渐地使某人感到疲倦”。

18. B【句意】所有的参考书都应当让我们大学的教师和学生接触到。

【解析】concerned“相关的”;available“可得到的,可利用的”;related“有关系的”;flexible“弹性的”。

19. B【句意】他根本没想到委员会会反对他的提议。

【解析】put up“提出”;object to“反对”;pass on“传给”;call on“要求”。根据题意,答案为B

20. C【句意】我认为要被解雇的那个公司官员却得到了提升。

【解析】关系代词的格取决于关系代词在从句中的语法作用。因其在从句中作主语,故用主格的形式。

21. B【句意】格林先生肯定没有收到我的信,否则他现在已经回信了。

【解析】表示对现在情况的猜测、判断时,形式为:must + 动词原形;表示对过去事情的猜测时,形式为:must + have +过去分词。根据题意,应选B

22. B【句意】敬请速速回信。

【解析】在英语动词中有些动词只能接动名词作宾语,而不能接动词不定式。如:admit, appreciate, avoid, consider, mind, risk, suggest, deny

23. A【句意】我打网球的时候跌倒,受了伤。

【解析】句中主句时态是过去时,从句时态也应是过去时,因当时正在打网球,故应用过去进行时。

24. A【句意】即使你与她观点不一致,她的观点还是值得考虑的。

【解析】even if“即使”(连接副词,后接从句)if only(表示强烈的愿望)“但愿,真希望”;instead of“代替,而不是”;despite of“尽管”。

25. A【句意】如果你不介意,最好不要碰它。

【解析】would rather“宁愿”;had better“最好”。根据题意,A正确。

26. D【句意】因闯入那家商店而被捕的那两个人被判罚金一万美元。

【解析】commit“犯(错误、罪行)”;drive“驾驶;驱使”;charge“索价”;fine“罚款”。根据题意,答案为D

27. B【句意】司机如果把前灯打开,可能会避免那起事故的发生。

【解析】miss“错过”;avoid“避免”;stop“停止”;dismiss“解散;解雇”。根据题意,答案为B

28. B【句意】晚会上的人担心珍妮特, 因为没有人知道她去哪里了。

【解析】 aware of“知道,意识到”是形容词和介词的固定搭配。用法:aware of sth; aware of + wh-从句;aware + that从句。

29. D【句意】到现在我已经敲门敲了十分钟了,也没有人开门。

【解析】现在完成进行时表示一个动作发生在过去,一直延续到现在,并仍在进行中。根据题意,应用现在完成进行时。故答案为D

30. B【句意】辛苦工作之后她感到很累,倒在床上就睡着了。

【解析】分词作状语,其逻辑主语应是句子的主语。如果句子的主语是分词动作的发出者,则用现在分词;如果句子的主语是分词动作的接受者,则用过去分词。故答案为B

31. A【句意】他很聪明,只从我的手势就能理解我的问题。

【解析】intelligent“聪明的”;efficient“效率高的”;proficient“熟练的,精通的”;diligent“勤奋的”。根据题意,答案为A

32. B【句意】如果你超速,警察就会找你的麻烦。

【解析】exclude“排斥在…之外”;exceed“超出”;excuse“原谅”; execute“将…依法处死;执行”。

33. B【句意】他打开门,静悄悄地进屋以不吵醒家人。

【解析】becauseso that 都是连词,后跟从句。despite“尽管”是介词,后不能跟动词不定式。so as + 不定式,“以便…”,作目的状语。

34. D【句意】我真希望你去买那辆车之前,先跟我谈谈。

【解析】“wish + 宾语从句”表示一种愿望,表示现在的愿望和未来的意愿,宾语从句的谓语:系动词一律用were,行为动词用过去时,或would, could, might + 动词原形。表示过去的愿望,从句中谓语用:had + 过去分词。根据题意,D正确。

35. C【句意】最近刚得到晋升的主任做的工作比其他任何人做的都多。

【解析】该句中do的宾语是work, more是形容词,做定语,修饰名词work, 应放在其前面。故C正确。

36. C【句意】她结婚前,就在上海那个她所属的地方住了相当长的一段时间。

【解析】关系代词whichwhom除了在定语从句中可作动词的宾语外,有时还可作介词的宾语。这时,通常把介词放在整个定语从句的前面。其中的短语belong to意为“属于”。故C正确。

37. B【句意】“再见,王先生。很高兴认识你。”

【解析】考查非谓语动词,两人初次见面时,用动词不定式to meet。分手时,用现在分词meeting

38. C【句意】约翰进行了调查,其结果不久将被公布。

【解析】这是一个由关系代词whose引起的非限定性定语从句,whose表示所属关系,与名词连用。

39. C【句意】你不知道他是我哥哥的一个老朋友吗?

【解析】考查名词所有格,one old friend of my brother’sone of my brother’s friends)是双重属格,用来表示的关系是人不是物。注意双重属格可用a, any, some及数词等修饰of短语前面的名词,但不能用the, 如不能说“the sons of Mr. Hamilton’s”。

40. B【句意】除非你立刻把书还到图书馆,否则你将被罚款。

【解析】until“直到…时候”;unless“除非”;if“如果”;provided“倘若”。

 

Part II Reading Comprehension

41. C【解析】推理判断题。从文章第一段第一、二句“每天几乎每个家庭都买至少一份报纸,有些人甚至订阅两至三份。”可推断出阅读报纸的习惯是遍及全世界的。故答案为C

42. B【解析】事实细节题。文章第二段第一句“五百年前,有关诸如战斗的胜败、皇帝或统治者被推翻或被刺的消息需几个月甚至几年的时间才会由一个国家传到另一个国家。”所以那时消息的传播速度不快。故答案为B

43. B【解析】事实细节题。文章第二段第二句“消息是口传的,根本不精确。”所以,在过去,消息是由一个人传至另一人,而不是通过电报、信或电话传递。故答案为B

44. C【解析】事实细节题。文章第三段第四句“大公司为了获得广告版面支付报纸成千上万美元,但钱花得值,因为他们的产品信息几乎是家喻户晓了。”所以花在广告上的钱是值得的。故答案为C

45. D【解析】事实细节题。文章最后一段“报纸通常刊登有关园艺、烹饪、时尚以及笑话、漫画方面的信息,笑话、漫画部分量虽少,但很受欢迎。”所以说阅读该部分的人很多。故D正确。

46. A【解析】主旨题。纵观全文,文章讲的是伦敦大火。而选项BC D只是片面讲到了文章的部分内容。

47. C 【解析】事实细节题。从文章第一段第二句“They were very late on the Saturday evening, getting everything ready for the next day”可知选项C“他们正在为第二天的晚宴做准备”正确。

48. A【解析】推理判断题。从文章第一段第三句“周日凌晨三点,火光如此之亮以至于Jane把她的丈夫叫醒观看”来判断,当时她的丈夫睡着了。故答案为A

49. D【解析】词汇理解题。从文章第一段第三、四句,Jane把她的丈夫叫醒去观看,可推测出她的丈夫一定是“穿上”睡袍走到窗户那儿去观望。故答案为D

50. B【解析】推理判断题。从文章第二段倒数第二句“… and then the flames had quickly spread to the other houses in the narrow lane.”(火焰迅速蔓延到狭窄小巷中的其它房子。)可推断出房子相距很近是大火迅速蔓延的原因。故答案为B

51. A【解析】事实细节题。文章第四段讲到“粮食问题不是人口爆炸所带来的唯一问题,人口越多,人们的生活水平越差,产生各种各样社会问题的可能性也会越大。”所以,人口爆炸将导致很多社会问题。故答案为A

52. C 【解析】事实计算题。从文章第五段第一、二句“In 1830, world population reached 1 billion. It took only 100 more years to add another billion to world population; just 30 more to add a third billion.”可计算出世界人口从十亿增至三十亿需要约130年的时间。故C正确。

53. C【解析】事实细节题。从文章第三段可知“截至到2000年,今日的‘穷国’人口将达到五十亿,几乎占世界人口的五分之四。”,其中的“have not” nations“developing” nations。故答案为C

54. C【解析】事实细节题。从文章最后一段第四句“除非降低人口增长,否则一个世纪以后世界人口将达到120亿。”可知正确答案为C

55. D【解析】主旨题。纵观全文,文章讲的是世界人口正在增长。故答案为D

56. C【解析】事实细节题。从文章第一段“一个科学家要预言消费者消费的方式,就必须研究消费者的行为,必须获得有关消费者的收入及消费动机的信息”可知正确答案为C

57. C【解析】事实细节题。从文章第二段前半部分“如果问一个经济学家这三类人(收入在增长的、收入稳定的、收入在下降的)哪类人借钱最多,他可能会回答:收入在下降的人。”这是一个传统假设。而实际上,1947年至1950年间,借钱最多的是收入在增长的人。由此可知正确答案为C

58. B【解析】事实细节题。从文章第二段中间部分,另一个传统假设是,如果人们估计物价要上涨,他们就会匆忙购物;而估计物价要下降,就会推迟购物。而调查研究证明这并非总是正确的。第六句“The expectations of price increases may not stimulate buying.”正说明物价可能的增长不会刺激消费。故答案为B

59. C【解析】推理判断题。根据文章最后一段最后一句话“所以,保持物价稳定的经济政策是基于对消费者心理的正确理解”,所以推断出C选项“保持物价稳定是正确的商业政策”是正确的。

60. C【解析】是非判断题。纵观全文可知物价对消费者行为有影响。选项AB的内容都是不正确的传统假设;D项明显有悖于文章内容。

 

Part III Cloze

61. B【解析】上文提到按照生物钟,人可以分为两类:早睡早起和夜猫子。青少年属于后者。the former前者;the latter后者。

62. A【解析】range from…to…是一个固定搭配,意思是“从…到…”,此处用作现在分词作后置定语。

63. A【解析】not…rather不是因为…而是因为…。

64. D【解析】上文提到青少年时期生物钟越来越后推,但到了20岁以后这种情况开始倒转,于是这里应当是tick back

65. C【解析】those 替代clocks

66. B【解析】between…and…是固定搭配,意为“在…和…之间”。

67. A【解析】adjust调整;adapt使适应。本句的意思是“生物钟会随着接触阳光时间的长短进行自动调节。”

68. D【解析】搭配:spend … doing sth. 表示在…时间做某事

69. B【解析】定语从句,关系代词whose 指先行代词rural residents

70. C【解析】上文提到rural residents,那么这里应该是city residents

 

Part IV Translate from English to Chinese

71. 大海为人类提供了食物,为人们到世界各地旅行提供了便捷的方式。

72. 在当今科技时代,海洋为人类生存提供了更多资源。

73. 运用人类的技术等待开发的海洋的财富是巨大的。

74. 技术能够让人们向深海探索。很明显,探索海洋的技术会不断进步。

75. 专家们相信从海洋中开发食物、矿物和能量资源的问题到2050年将在很大程度上得到解决。

 

Part V Writing

Global Shortage of Fresh Water

Many people believe that the world’s supply of fresh water will never be used up. They think that fresh water comes from such a variety of sources that it is always sufficient for use. Such an opinion leads to a shocking waste of water.

As a matter of fact, the earth is short of fresh water. Furthermore, with the rapid growth of the world’s population, the rising demand for water by industry, and the serious pollution of our surroundings, the world is facing the danger of running out of fresh water. Actually, in some big cities, fresh water cannot meet the daily needs.

Therefore, to find new ways to save water is an urgent task. First, we should pass strict laws to control any waste of water. Second, scientists must work even harder to purify sea water and polluted water, and try to find substitutes to reduce the use of fresh water.

 

 

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