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    您现在的位置:31省市学位英语网>>江西>>考试动态
2015年江西学位英语试题:全真模拟及详解
2014-10-12 09:56     来源:31省市学位英语网  [ ]

江西省成人高等教育学士学位英语考试全真模拟试题

 

Part I Reading Comprehension (40%)

Directions: There are four passages in this part. Each passage is followed by some questions or unfinished statements. For each of them there are four choices marked A, B, C and D. You should decide on the best choice and mark the corresponding letter on the Answer Sheet with a single line through the center.

Passage 1

Questions 1 to 5 are based on the following passage:

Advertisement can be thought of “as the means of making known in order to buy or sell goods or services”. Advertisement aims to increase people’s awareness and arouse interest. It tries to inform and to persuade. The media are all used to spread the message. The press offers a fairly cheap method, and magazines are used to reach special sections of the market. The cinema and commercial radio are useful for local market. Television, although more expensive, can be very effective. Public notices are fairly cheap and more permanent in their power of attraction. Other ways of increasing consumer interest are through exhibitions and trade fairs as well as direct mail advertisement.

There can be no doubt that the growth in advertisement is one of the most striking features of the western world in this century. Many businesses such as those handling frozen foods, liquor,  tobacco and medicines have been built up largely by advertisement.

We might ask whether the cost of advertisement is paid for by the producer or by the customer. Since advertisement forms part of the cost of production, which has to be covered by the selling price, it is clear that it is the customer who pays for advertisement. However, if large scale advertisement leads to increased demand, production costs are reduced and the customer pays less.

It is difficult to measure exactly the influence of advertisement on sales. When the market is growing, advertisement helps to increase demand. When the market is shrinking, advertisement may prevent a bigger fall in sales than would occur without its support. What is clear is that businesses would not pay large sums for advertisement if they were not convinced of its value to them.

1. Advertisement is often used to ________.

A. deceive customers                     B. increase production

C. arouse suspicion                       D. push the sale

2. The word “media” (in the first paragraph) includes ________.

A. the press        B. television           C. radio           D. all of the above

3. Advertisement is mainly paid for by ________.

A. the customer    B. the producer         C. increased sales    D. reduced prices

4. Advertisement can increase demand ________.

A. all the time                           B. in any circumstances

C. in a growing market                    D. in a shrinking market

5. From the last sentence of this passage we conclude that ________.

A. businesses usually do not pay much for advertisement

B. businessmen know well that advertisement could bring them more profits

C. advertisement could hardly convince people of the value of the goods

D. advertisement usually cost businesses large amounts of money

 

Passage 2

Questions 6 to 10 are based on the following passage:

How men first learned to invent words is unknown; in other words, the origin of language is a mystery. All we really know is that men, unlike animals, somehow invented certain sounds to express thoughts and feelings, actions and things, so that they could communicate with each other;  and that later they agreed upon certain signs, called letters, which could be combined to represent those sounds, and which could be written down. Those sounds, whether spoken, or written in letters we call words.

The power of words, then, lies in their combinations the things they bring up before our minds. Words become filled with meaning for us by experience; and the longer we live, the more certain words recall to us the glad and sad events of our past; and the more we read and learn, the more the number of words that mean something to us increases.

Great writers are those who not only have great thoughts but also express these thoughts in words which appeal powerfully to our minds and feelings. This charming and telling use of words is what we call literary (文字的) style. Above all, the real poet is a master of words. He can convey his meaning in words which sing like music, and which by their position and association can move men to tears. We should therefore learn to choose our words carefully and use them accurately, or they will make our speech silly and rude.

6. The origin of language ________.

A. is reflected in sounds and letters          B. is handed down from generation to generation

C. dates back to the prehistoric period      D. is a problem not yet solved

7. According to the passage, words are _________.

A. visual letters                        B. represented by sounds

C. represented either by sounds or letters    D. signs called letters

8. The power of words lies in their ________.

A. beauty             B. accuracy            C. combinations         D. charm

9. The secret of a writer’s success is the use of words that ________.

A. recall to us the glad and sad events of our past    B. are arranged in a creative way

C. are as beautiful as music                                  D. agree with certain literary style

10. The author of the passage advises us ________.

A. to use words carefully and accurately         B. not to use silly and rude words

C. to become a slave of words                     D. to use emotional words

 

Passage 3

Questions 11 to 15 are based on the following passage:

Most people have had a dog or wanted one as their companion at some time in their lives. If you are thinking of buying a dog, however, you should first decide what sort of companion you need and whether the dog is likely to be happy in the surroundings you can provide. Specialists’ advice is useful to help you choose the most suitable kind of dog. But in part the decision depends on common sense. Different dogs were originally developed to perform specific tasks. So if you want a dog to protect you or your house, for example, you should choose the one that has the right size and characteristics. You must also be ready to devote a great deal of time to training the dog when it is young and give it the exercise needs throughout its life, unless you live in the countryside and can let it run freely. Dogs are demanding pets. Cats love the house and so are satisfactory with their place where there is secure, but a dog is loyal to its master and consequently wants him show proof of his affection. The best time to buy a baby dog is when it is between 6 and 8 weeks old so that it can transfer its love for its mother to its master. If baby dogs have not established a relationship with the human being until they are over three months old, their strong relationship will always be with dogs. They are likely to be too shy when they are brought out into the world to become good pets.

11. Which of the following is NOT true according to the passage?

A. You can always get help from the specialists.

B. It is common sense that is the most important when choosing a dog.

C. You should decide what kind of dog you want.

D. Size and characteristics of the dogs should be considered too.

12. What is mentioned as a consideration in buying a dog?

A. The color of the dog.

B. The price of the dog.

C. Whether the dog will fit the environment.      

D. Whether the dog will get along with the other pets in the house.

13. Why does the writer say a dog is a more demanding pet than a cat?

A. It must be trained so that it won’t bite.     B. It demands more food and space.

C. It needs more love and care.             D. It must be looked after carefully.

14. Why is it advised to buy a baby dog under three months old?

A. It’s easier to buy a baby dog under three months old.

B. They are less likely to be shy with human beings.

C. They are less likely to run away.

D. It’s easier for them to form a relationship with their masters.

15. The underlined word “affection” means ________.

A. love         B. effect           C. tie           D. relationship

 

Passage 4

Questions 16 to 20 are based on the following passage:

Movies are the most popular form of entertainment for millions of Americans. They go to the movies to escape their normal everyday existence and to experience a life more exciting than their own. They may choose to see a particular film because they like the actors or because they have heard the film has a good story. But the main reason why people go to the movies is to escape. Sitting in a dark theater, watching the images on the screen, they enter another world that is real to them. They become involved in the lives of the characters in the movie, and for two hours, they forget all about their own problems. They are in a dream world where things often appear to be more romantic and beautiful than in real life.

The biggest “dream factories” are in Hollywood, the capital of the film industry. Each year, Hollywood studios make hundreds of movies that are shown all over the world. American movies are popular because they tell stories and they are well-made. They provide the public with heroes who do things the average person would like to do but often can’t. People have to cope with many problems and much trouble in real life, so they feel encouraged when they see the “good guys” win in the movies.

16. The Americans go to the movies mainly because they want ________.

A. to enjoy a good story                B. to experience an exciting life

C. to see the actors and actresses           D. to escape their daily life

17. Which of the following is people’s normal response to the movies they watch?

A. They feel that everything on the screen is familiar to them.

B. They try to turn their dreams into reality.

C. They become so involved that they forget their own problems.

D. They are touched by the life stories of the actors and actresses.

18. It is obvious that real life is ________.

A. less romantic than that in the movies     B. more romantic than that in the movies

C. as romantic as that in the movies        D. filled with romantic stories

19. The American movies are popular because ________.

A. they are well-made and the stories are interesting

B. the characters in the movies are free to do whatever they like

C. the heroes have to cope with many problems and frustrations

D. good guys in the movies always win in the end

20. People enjoy seeing the movies because they ________.

A. are tired of their everyday lives              B. feel inspired by the heroic deeds of the good guys

C. want to see who win in the end        D. have to cope with many problems in their lives

 

Part II Vocabulary and Structure (20%)

Directions: In this part there are 40 incomplete sentences. For each sentence there are four choices marked A, B, C and D. Choose the ONE answer that best completes the sentence. Then mark the best choice and mark the corresponding letter on the Answer Sheet with a single line through the center.

21. Mary regretted ________ to John’s birthday party last Sunday.

A. not going                          B. not to go

C. not having been going                D. not to be going

22. The famous novel is said ________ into Chinese.

A. to have translated                    B. to be translate

C. to have been translated                D. to translate

23. Standing on the bank, the children watched the ship ________ with all kinds of goods.

A. loading        B. being loaded        C. to be loaded       D. having loaded

24. I ________ writing the article by the time you get back.

A. shall finish                          B. must have finished

C. have finished                        D. shall have finished

25. Mary never tells anyone what she does for a ________.

A. job            B. work              C. profession        D. living

26. I’m sorry I couldn’t get in touch with him before he left; I ________ him earlier.

A. had a telephone                       B. have phoned

C. should have phoned                   D. should be phoned

27. With the old man ________ the way, we had no trouble in finding that mysterious cave.

A. leading         B. led               C. lead              D. to be led

28. ________ anything about the accident, he went to work as well.

A. Not know       B. Know not          C. Knowing not      D. Not knowing

29. Nowhere else in the world ________ more attractive scenery than in Switzerland.

A. you can find     B. is found           C. can you find       D. has been found

30. The voters told the politician that he could ________ on their support in the next general elections.

A. expect          B. decide             C. count             D. doubt

31. An old friend from abroad, ________ I was expecting to stay with, telephoned me from the airport.

A. that            B. whom             C. who              D. which

32. Peter wishes that he ________ law instead of literature when he was in college.

A. could study            B. studied             C. had studied        D. would study

33. When she heard the bad news, she ________ completely.

A. broke away     B. broke up           C. broke down        D. broke out

34. He ________ a large fortune from his business.

A. made          B. won               C. expected            D. gained

35. He never wrote to his father ________ he was in need of money.

A. except         B. except when         C. except for          D. except that

36. He looked behind him to ________ he was not being followed.

A. believe        B. find                C. make sure          D. look

37. The car was repaired but not quite to my ________.

A. joy           B. pleasure             C. attraction          D. satisfaction

38. Are you ________ spending more money on the space program?

A. in favor of     B. by favor of           C. in favor to         D. out of favor

39. Fortunately, the demonstration ________ to be quite peaceful.

A. turned in       B. turned out           C. showed off        D. showed up

40. ________ was unimportant.

A. Whether he enjoyed our dinner or not      B. No matter how he enjoyed our dinner

C. If he enjoyed our dinner                 D. What he enjoyed our dinner

41. Selfish people often take ________ of other people’s kindness.

A. advantage       B. care               C. use               D. profit

42. His business is growing so fast that he must ________ more workers.

A. take up         B. take on             C. take over          D. take out

43. It is desirable that he ________.

A. gives up trying                       B. give up trying

C. would give up trying                  D. is going to give up trying

44. Young ________ he is, he knows what is the right thing to do.

A. that            B. as            C. although           D. however

45. This is one of the best books ________ on the subject.

A. that have ever been written                B. which have ever been written

C. that has ever been written               D. whatever have been written

46. We were not surprised at ________, for he had worked so hard.

A. what has he achieved                  B. that what he had achieved

C. what he had achieved                  D. that he had achieved

47. My room is a mess. It needs ________.

A. to be tidying up    B. tidying up        C. to tidy up        D. tidied up

48. A great celebration is going to be held ________ the distinguished writer.

A. in spite of         B. in honor of       C. in favor of       D. in the name of

49. All the members in the jury agreed that the man was ________ of theft.

A. criminal          B. charged          C. guilty           D. faulty

50. Having finished the letter, he ________ it carefully and sealed the envelop with a kiss.

A. folded           B. bent              C. turned          D. equipped

51. The police were given an order that the stolen documents must be recovered at all ________.

A. accounts               B. conditions             C. payments                     D. costs

52. This new instrument is far superior ________ the old one we bought three years ago.

A. than             B. to                C. over            D. of

53. Not until I reminded him for the third time ________ working and looked up.

A. that he stopped                        B. does he stopped

C. did he stop                            D. that he stopped

54. I am very sorry for ________ for so long.

A. keep you waiting                       B. having kept you waiting

C. waiting for you                         D. keep you wait

55. No sooner had they got off the train ________ it started moving.

A. when             B. than              C. then             D. after

56. The teacher has his students ________ a composition every other week.

A. to write           B. written            C. writing           D. write

57. When and where the new hospital will be built ________ a mystery.

A. to remain          B. remains           C. remain           D. is remaining

58. The middle-aged man was seen ________ out of the house on the afternoon of the murder.

A. came             B. come             C. to come              D. have come

59. The premier and the visiting foreign minister had a talk in ________ friendly atmosphere.

A. a most                   B. most             C. very              D. the very

60. My next door neighbor Johnson seems to have ________ opinion on the show last night.

A. rather the strong                              B. rather strong

C. a rather strong                         D. the rather strong

 

Part III Cloze (10%)

Directions: There are 20 blanks in the following passage, and for each blank there are 4 choices marked A, B, C and D at the end of the passage. You should choose the ONE answer that best fits into the passage. Then mark the corresponding letter on the Answer Sheet with a single line through the center

Tourism has become a very big   61  . For Spain, Italy and Greece it is the largest   62   of foreign exchange, and   63   for Britain, it is the fourth. Faced   64   this huge new income, no government can afford to look   65   on the business; questions of hotel bath rooms, beach umbrellas and ice-cream sales are now   66   by ministers of tourism with solemn expertise. Before the Second World War the tourist industry was widely   67   as being unmanly and stupid. But   68   has become a new industry, as trade business used   69  ; in Spain, Italy, Greece and much of Eastern Europe, new road   70  have opened up in the country, first to tourists, and   71   to industry and locals.

  72   of tourism is a nationalized industry, a   73   part of national planning. In a place west of Marseilles, the French government is killing mosquitoes and   74   six big vacation places to   75   nearly a million tourists. In Eastern Europe, a whole new seaside   76   has sprung up   77   the last few years: the governments have greatly   78   when tourists from the West   79   from half a million four years   80   to nearly two million last year.

61.

A. firm

B. business

C. company

D. affair

62.

A. factor

B. resource

C. source

D. cause

63.

A. even

B. yet

C. also

D. ever

64.

A. in front of 

B. of      

C. with   

D. for

65.

A. up

B. at      

C. for

D. down

66.

A. determined

B. discussed

C. argued      

D. sold

67.

A. regarded

B. said

C. talked

D. spread

68.

A. agriculture

B. war

C. tourism

D. education

69.

A. be done

B. done

C. to do  

D. to doing

70.

A. types

B. styles

C. buildings

D. systems

71.

A. than

B. later   

C. then

D. latter

72.

A. Many

B. All

C. None 

D. Much

73.

A. key

B. minor

C. linking      

D. questioning

74.

A. built

B. building    

C. to be built

D. have built

75.

A. attract

B. pull   

C. hold

D. contain

76

A. civilization

B. culture      

C. writing

D. book

77.

A. over

B. for     

C. after

D. beyond

78.

A. suffered    

B. lost

C. invested    

D. benefited

79.

A. added

B. divided

C. reduced

D. multiplied

80.

A. since  

B. before  

C. ago

D. after

 

Part IV Translate from English to Chinese (15%)

Directions: Read the following passage and translate the 5 parts underlined in the following passage from English into Chinese and write them on the Translation Paper.

Obviously television has both advantages and disadvantages.

(81) In the first place, television is not only a convenient source of entertainment, but also a comparatively cheap one. With a TV set in the family people don't have to pay for expensive seats at the theatre, the cinema, or the opera. (82)All they have to do is to push a button or turn a knob, and they can see plays, films, operas and shows of every kind. Some people, however, think that this is where the danger lies. The television viewers need to do nothing. He does not even have to use his legs if he has a remote control. He makes no choice and exercises, no judgment. He is completely passive and has everything presented to him without any effort on his part.

(83)Television, it is often said, keeps one informed about current events and the latest developments in science and politics. The most distant countries and the strangest customs are brought right into one's sitting room. (84)It could be argued that the radio performs this service as well; but on television everything is much more living, much more real. Yet here again there is a danger. The television screen itself has a terrible, almost physical charm for us. (85)We get so used to looking at the movements on it, so dependent on its pictures, that it begins to control our lives. People are often heard to say that their television sets have broken down and that they have suddenly found that they have far more time to do things and that they have actually begun to talk to each other again. It makes one think, doesn't it?

There are many other arguments for and against television. We must realize that television itself is neither good nor bad. It is the uses that it is put to that determine its value to society.

 

Part V Writing (15%)

For this part, you are allowed 30 minutes to write a composition on the topic: The Advantages and Disadvantages of Owing a Car Write at least 100 words and base your composition on the outline below and use the words for references as many as you can.

1. 小汽车的数量越来越多

2. 拥有小汽车既有优点也有缺点

3. 我的看法

解析

 

Part I Reading Comprehension

1. D【解析】答案在第一段第一句话“广告常常被用来当作促销商品的手段。”D最符合题意。

2. D 【解析】在media“媒体”其后的句子中作者紧接着列举了press, magazines, the cinema and commercial radio, television, exhibitions等词,可以断定media 应当包括the press, television, and radio。所以D是正确答案。

3. A 【解析】从第三段第二句 “it is clear that it is customer who pays for advertisement.” 可知广告的费用主要是由顾客来付。

4. C【解析】从第四段第二句“When the market is growing, advertisement helps to increase demand.” 可知市场扩大了,广告有助于增加市场需求,所以C为正确答案。

5. B【解析】文章最后一句话的意思是“很明显, 如果商家对产品的利润没有把握的话,是不会花很多钱投资广告的。”换句话说:商家非常清楚广告会给他带来更大的利润。因此B是正确答案。

6. D 【解析】第一段第一句the origin of language is a mystery.(语言的起源仍然是个迷),还没有得到解决,故D正确。

7. C【解析】第一段谈到“人类起初用某种声音进行交流,后来又有了字母,字母结合起来可以代表声音,也可以写下来。因此,这些说出来的声音也好,用字母写出来的声音也好,被称为单词。”所以C是正确答案。

8. C 【解析】答案在第二段的第一句话the power of words, then lies in their combination. (语言的魅力在于它们的组合)。

9. A【解析】答案在第三段的第一句“作家的伟大不仅在于他们有伟大的思想,还在于他们擅长使用丰富的词汇,使我们回想起过去的喜怒哀乐”。

10. A【解析】答案在文章的最后一句:“We should therefore learn to choose our words carefully and use them accurately, or they will make our speech silly and rude.” 因此,文章建议我们用词要谨慎、准确。

11. B【解析】文章中提到了买狗的时候先要决定买什么样的,狗的大小、特征也要考虑,而且专家的建议也非常重要,所以ACD都是正确的。关于 “common sense”, 在原文中是这样说的:“In part the decision depends on common sense.” 所以挑选狗的时候,common sense并不重要,而是部分因素。资料来源:31省市学位英语网http://www.31xuewei.com/do/list.php?cid=5

12. C【解析】根据文章的内容,买狗的时候并没有提到考虑狗的颜色、狗的价格,以及狗能否和家中的其他宠物很好相处。但是提到了考虑狗能否适应周围的环境。如原文中第二句:…whether the dog is likely to be happy in the surrounding you can provide. “狗在你提供的环境里是否能够快乐。”

13. C【解析】demanding“要求高的、费力的”。作者认为养狗是比养猫费心,因为猫喜欢在房子里,只要住的地方安全,它就会非常满足。而狗则不同,你必须在它很小的时候花很多的精力去训练它,如果你不住在农村,没有条件让狗自由活动的话,你就必须给它创造这样的机会。而且你最好在它三个月大以前把它买回来,这样有利于它和主人培养感情。可见养狗是多么的费心。

14. D【解析】文章的最后“If baby dogs have not established a relationship with the human being until they are over three months old, their strong relationship will always be with dogs.” 所以要买三个月以下的狗,容易和它的主人建立感情。

15. A【解析】affection所在的句子意思是“猫喜欢在房子里,只要住的地方安全,它就会非常满足。而狗则不同,它对主人很忠诚,所以也希望主人表示出对它的喜爱”。所以affection是“喜爱,慈爱”的意思。资料来源:31省市学位英语网http://www.31xuewei.com/do/list.php?cid=5

16. D【解析】文章第一段的第二句话说:“They go to the movies to escape their normal everyday existence and to experience a life more exciting than their own.” 后面又谈到 “But the main reason why people go to the movies is to escape.” 所以美国人去看电影的重要原因是逃避现实生活。A, B, C只是原因之一, 而不是主要原因。

17. C【解析】文章第一段谈到“坐在电影院里,看着屏幕上的画面,人们进入了另一个世界。两个小时之中,他们沉醉在电影的世界里,忘记了自己的烦恼。”因此人们对电影的反应是“如此地沉醉其中,以至于忘记了自己的烦恼”。

18. A 【解析】第一段的最后一句话“They are in a dream world where things often appear to be more romantic and beautiful than in real life.” 说明电影中的生活比现实生活浪漫。

19. A 【解析】答案在第二段:“American movies are popular because they tell stories and they are well-made.” 因此A是正确答案。资料来源:31省市学位英语网http://www.31xuewei.com/do/list.php?cid=5

20. B 【解析】文章的最后说“电影中有许多的英雄人物,他们做了许多普通人想做但又做不到的事情。而现实生活中我们必须处理许多问题,面对许多麻烦,因此当人们看到电影中的英雄获胜的时候,会受到鼓舞。”所以人们喜欢看电影是因为他们会受到影片中人物的英雄事迹的鼓舞。A应当是人们看电影的原因之一,而不是enjoy seeing the moviesCD都不符合文章的内容。

 

Part II Vocabulary and Structure

21. A【句意】玛丽后悔上周没有参加约翰的生日聚会。

【解析】regret 后面要跟动名词做宾语,动名词的否定式是在动名词之前直接加not

22. C【句意】据说这部著名小说已被翻译成中文。

【解析】当不定式的逻辑主语是不定式表示的动作的对象时(或是动作的承受者时),不定式一般要用被动式。不定式的完成式所表示的动作发生在谓语动词或状态之前。

23. B【句意】孩子们站在岸边,看着船被装上各种各样的货物。

【解析】本句为现在分词的被动形式做watch的宾语补足语。因为宾语和宾补是动宾关系,而且表示动作正在进行,所以用现在分词的被动式;watch也可以跟省略to的不定式做宾补,表示动作已经结束。资料来源:31省市学位英语网http://www.31xuewei.com/do/list.php?cid=5

24. D【句意】你回来之前,我将写完这篇文章。

【解析】本句为将来完成时。表示在将来的某一时刻或将来的某一时刻之前已完成,这一动作可以继续下去。资料来源:31省市学位英语网http://www.31xuewei.com/do/list.php?cid=5

25. D【句意】玛丽从未告诉任何人她靠干什么来谋生。

【解析】do sth. for a living“靠谋生”。

26. C【句意】我很遗憾他离开前没能与他联系,我本应早点儿给他打电话。

【解析】“should (ought to) + have + 过去分词”表示过去应该做而没有做,含有责备的意思。

27. A【句意】由那位老人带路,我们很容易地找到那个神秘的洞穴。

【解析】介词with可以跟复合宾语,表示伴随的情况和结果。如:stand with one’s hands in one’s pockets. 两手插在口袋里站着。

28. D【句意】因为对那场事故一无所知,他还是去上班了。

【解析】现在分词作状语,其否定形式是在分词前面直接加否定词not

29. C【句意】在世界上你找不到什么地方比瑞士的景色更吸引人了。

【解析】 否定式nowhere放在句首,句子要倒装: 否定词 + 助动词(be 动词)+ 主语。常放在句首的否定词有:nowhere (没有地方), never (从不), hardly, scarcely(几乎不) , little(几乎没有)等。

30. C【句意】投票者告诉政治家下次大选他们定会支持他。

【解析】count on (upon)“依靠,指望”。

31. B【句意】一位从国外回来的老朋友从机场给我打电话,我正希望和他相聚。

【解析】whom, 关系代词,引导定语从句,在定语从句中做with的宾语。

32. C【句意】彼得希望他在大学学的是法律而不是文学。

【解析】wish 后面的宾语从句要使用虚拟语气,虚拟语气中时态类似在非真实条件从句中时态的应用——时态后移。与现在的事实相反用过去时,与过去的事实相反用过去完成时,与将来的愿望相反即愿望难以实现用过去将来时。

33. C【句意】当她听说了这个坏消息,她完全崩溃了。

【解析】break away“断绝关系”;break up“打破,打碎”;break down“禁不住痛哭,(身体、精神)垮了”;break out“爆发,突然发生”。C最符合题意。

34. A【句意】他做生意挣了一大笔钱。

【解析】make a fortune“发财”,是固定搭配。

35. B【句意】除了要钱,他从不给父亲写信。

【解析】except except for 都是介词,后面接短语。而except that except when 后面接从句。that在从句中只起连接作用,而when在从句中做状语。

36. C【句意】他向身后张望以确保没有被跟踪。

【解析】make sure“确信,保证”。

37. D【句意】这辆车修得让我不太满意。

【解析】to + 表示情感的名词,这种结构意为“使人感到,令人(喜怒哀乐)的是”。to one’s satisfaction“使某人满意的是…”;to one’s surprise“使某人吃惊的是…”;to one’s amazement“使某人高兴的是…”。

38. A【句意】你赞成在太空计划上花更多的钱吗……?

【解析】in favor of“赞同,支持”。by (the) favor of“(信封上用语)烦请……面交”;out of favorwith sb)“失宠于(某人),不受某人的欢迎”。没有in favor to的搭配。只有A最符合题意。

39. B【句意】很幸运,示威过程相当和平。

【解析】turn in“交换,交上”;turn out“原来是,最后证明是”;show off“炫耀,卖弄”;show up“变得突出,显得醒目”。

40. A【句意】他是否喜欢我们的晚宴并不重要。

【解析】本句考查主语从句。B项和C项都是状语从句。A项和D项都是主语从句,但根据此句的意思只有A最符合题意。

41. A【句意】自私的人经常利用别人的善良。

【解析】take advantage of“利用”。本句的意思是“自私的人都利用他人的善良,”所以A最符合题意。take care of“照顾”。其余两个词都没有这样的搭配。

42. B【句意】他的生意发展得如此快以至于他必须雇佣更多的人。

【解析】take up“占去(地方、时间、经历、注意力等)”;take on“开始;雇佣”; take over“接收,接管”;take out“拿出,取出”。

43. B【句意】他放弃尝试是可取的。

【解析】虚拟语气用于主语从句,句型It is desirable (suggested, necessary, requested, ordered, proposed, important) + that +主语 + should (可省略) + V (动词原形)。因此本句选B

44. B【句意】尽管他年轻,但他知道什么是正确的事。

【解析】as引导的让步状语从句要倒装。可以有以下几种情况:形容词 + as + 主语 + 系动词 be: Young as he is, he knows a lot of things. 虽然年龄不大,可知道的事情很多。名词(不带冠词)+ as + 主语 + 系动词 be : King as he is, he is unhappy. 虽然他是个国王,可是他并不快乐。副词 + as + 主语 + 动词:Much as I like it, I won’t buy it 虽然我很喜欢它,但是我还是不买它。动词 + as + 主语 + 助动词:Try as she does, she will never pass it. 无论她怎样努力,她也不会通过的。

45. A【句意】关于这个课题,这本是最好的书之一。

【解析】因为先行词是复数,而且由形容词最高级修饰,所以只能选A

46. C【句意】他取得成就我们不惊奇,因为他工作得如此努力。

【解析】what引起的宾语从句,what既作at的宾语,又作achieve的宾语,所以选C

47. B【句意】我的房间乱七八糟,它需要整理。

【解析】句型: 主语(物)+ needwant, request+doingto be done),need后面既可以用不定式的被动形式,也可以用动名词的主动形式来表示被动含义。

48. B【句意】要举行一个盛大的庆祝会来纪念这位杰出的作家。

【解析】in spite of“尽管……”;in honor of“为了纪念……”;in favor of“赞成……”;in the name of“用……名义,代表……”。只有B最符合题意。

49. C【句意】陪审团所有成员同意这个男人犯有盗窃罪。

【解析】criminal(名词)“罪犯”;charge(动词)“控告,指责”;be guilty of“有罪的,有过失的”;faulty“有错误的,有缺点的”。因此C最符合题意。

50. A【句意】写完信,他仔细地折好并封上信封。

【解析】fold“折叠, 对折”;bend“弯曲”;turn“旋转”;equip“装备”。A最符合题意。

51. D【句意】警察得到命令,要不惜一切代价找回那些被偷的文件。

【解析】at all costs“不惜任何代价,无论如何”。account一般常用于:on all accounts“无论如何”;conditionspayments都不和at搭配。

52. B【句意】这个新设备比我三年前买的那台旧的好得多。

【解析】be superior to …“地位高于…,品质优于…”。

53. C【句意】直到我提醒他第三次时他才停下工作抬起头。

【解析】not until 放在句首,句子要使用部分倒装。

54. B【句意】我很抱歉让你等了这么久。

【解析】介词后面要跟动名词做宾语,当动名词的动作在谓语动词所表示的动作之前发生时,要用动名词的完成式。

55. B【句意】他们刚一下火车,火车就开动了。

【解析】no sooner…than …hardly…when…scarcely…when…意思均为“一……就……”。

56. D【句意】老师每星期让学生写一次作文。

【解析】have此处为使役动词,动词不定式作其宾语补足语补的时候,省去to,即:have sb. do sth. “让某人做某事”。故选D。。

57. B【句意】新医院建在哪里,什么时候建仍不知道。

【解析】动名词,不定式,从句做主语时,谓语动词一般用单数。

58. C【句意】在谋杀发生的那天下午,有人看见这个男人走出房子。

【解析】感官动词feel, hear, see, watch等后面接宾补的时候, 要用省去to的动词不定式。但如果不定式是主语的补足语的话,要加上to。如:A thief was seen to steal something from the room. 一个小偷被看见从屋子里偷了东西。

59. A【句意】总理和来访的外长在非常友好的气氛中进行了交谈

【解析】atmosphere“(心理上的)周围的情况,环境,气氛”,是可数名词,一般要加不定冠词。因此BCD都是错误的。如:An atmosphere of peace(和平的环境),create a tense atmosphere(造成紧张的气氛)。

60. C【句意】住我隔壁的邻居约翰逊似乎对昨晚的表演有深刻的印象。

【解析】和59题的语法相同。首先:opinion“意见,看法,主张”,是可数名词,一般要用不定冠词。再者:ratheradv.)“相当,颇(用以强调)”,放在所修饰的形容词之前。因此,ABD都是错误的。

 

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