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2016年学位英语考试阅读理解答题技巧应用
2016-04-20 14:32     来源:31省市学位英语网  [ ]

2016年学位英语考试阅读理解答题技巧及应用:关键词回归定位法

Here's a familiar story. You're sitting at the dinner table with a furry, four-legged friend scratching at your feet. When you look down, those cute eyes are almost impossible to resist.

What is it about a dog's gaze that makes it so charming? A new study by Japanese scientist Miho Nagasawa seems to have found the answer, and it has to do with something called the cuddle(爱抚)chemical.

The cuddle chemical has another, more scientific name: oxytocin. Oxytocin is a substance in the blood that encourages bonding. Levels of oxytocin increase, for example, when a mother feeds her newborn baby. According to Nagasawa's study, the same is true when we look deeply into the eyes of a dog.

The results of this study can tell us a lot about the history of the bond between humans and dogs. It all started somewhere tens of thousands of years ago. Scientists believe that wolves used to follow humans who were hunting large animals. The wolves would eat the food left behind by the humans.

Humans realized that they could use the wolves to help with the hunt, and eventually both species began to work together toward survival.

Over time, the wolves that interacted with the humans began to change. They became more loyal to their human partners. The wolves and humans started to depend on each other and bond with each other. These changes are what caused some of the wolves to turn into what we now know as dogs, a new specie^ evolved to better survive in their environment.

This process depended a great deal on the bond humans formed with them. And according to Nagasawa's study, this bond was formed with the help of oxytocin, the cuddle chemical.

12. When we look deeply into a dog's eyes, the levels of our oxytocin ____.

A. reduce over time

B. go either up or down

C. are on the rise

D. remain unchanged

13. At the beginning wolves followed humans to ____.

A. eat the food left by humans

B. guard against large animals

C. take humans for food

D. hunt large animals together

 

我们连连看:

12. C

第一步:划出关键词,确定试题提问的对象

关键词:we look deeply into a dog's eyes

问题提问的对象:the levels of our oxytocin

第二步:到文章中寻找关键词出现的句子

The cuddle chemical has another, more scientific name: oxytocin. Oxytocin is a substance in the blood that encourages bonding. Levels of oxytocin increase, for example, when a mother feeds her newborn baby. According to Nagasawa's study, the same is true when we look deeply into the eyes of a dog.

注意: 虽然找到了关键词出现的句子,但没有出现提问对象,提问对象出现在前面一句话中:

The cuddle chemical has another, more scientific name: oxytocin. Oxytocin is a substance in the blood that encourages bonding. Levels of oxytocin increase, for example, when a mother feeds her newborn baby. According to Nagasawa's study, the same is true when we look deeply into the eyes of a dog.

第三步,对比四个选项,选出正确答案

          C. are on the rise中的rise=increase

 祝贺你答对了!!

—————————————————————————————————————————————————————————

13. A

第一步:划出关键词,确定试题提问的对象

关键词:wolves followed humans

问题提问的对象:wolves followed humans的目的

第二步:到文章中寻找关键词出现的句子

The results of this study can tell us a lot about the history of the bond between humans and dogs. It all started somewhere tens of thousands of years ago. Scientists believe that wolves used to follow humans who were hunting large animals. The wolves would eat the food left behind by the humans.

注意: 虽然找到了关键词出现的句子,但没有出现提问对象,提问对象出现在后面一句话中:

The results of this study can tell us a lot about the history of the bond between humans and dogs. It all started somewhere tens of thousands of years ago. Scientists believe that wolves used to follow humans who were hunting large animals. The wolves would eat the food left behind by the humans.

第三步,对比四个选项,选出正确答案

         A. eat the food left by humans 和原文一摸一样。

 

祝贺你答对了!!

 

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